Latin Bureau of News Medicine and Public Health
Some changes that the malaria parasite presents are due to climatic factors that can promote new characteristics and infections.
Malaria is a disease transmitted by the Anopheles-type mosquito, each year around 210 million people become infected with the disease and 440,000 die from it. The population that tends to be the focus of malaria is children and dominates the African continent.
Many are the organisms that adapt to the environment and provide new tools to perform their various functions, insects are individuals who can easily change properties or qualities to avoid sanitation tools such as insecticides that fight these pests to avoid comorbidities. associated with any type of pathogen transmitted by mosquitoes.
The malaria-causing parasite has undergone structural changes that avoid these protection and elimination tools, experts assure that a new drug target and chemical compounds may have a better effect against this agent.
There are many theories from various experts where they confirm that it is necessary to have new compounds and medical and scientific advances to treat the changes that malaria can bring, for this it is necessary that each study is performed to innovate both in treatments and diagnoses as in tools that investigate the plague from a particular place.
The La Caixa Foundation started a project where it is necessary to be aware of molecular changes of this parasite, as an initiative in October, volunteers in the country of Mali will start taking blood samples from the minors between 9 and 12 years. age, as these children are the most vulnerable in terms of symptoms and progression of the disease.
“What we will do next is infect mosquitoes and isolate their cells at different stages to identify the differences,” said Elena Gómez Díaz, a researcher at the López Neyra Institute of Parasitology and Biomedicine (IPBLN-CSIC) and project leader.
Due to the adaptability of mosquitoes, the factors that can affect this purpose must be taken into account, such as weather and chemical tools used to prevent them from remaining in a territory, the change and combination of this type of tool it can be a profitable solution to do. this adaptation process as unfavorable as possible.
“Even if mosquito nets are put in homes, they will know how to adapt and start infecting outside, wherever humans are,” explained Marta Moreno Leirana, a researcher at the Department of Infectious Biology at the London School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
It is important to take into account those who may present certain agents in the diseases, malaria is a critical condition affecting a large part of the world population, progress and research is the most important weapon to fight the mosquito that transmits the parasite and avoid a constant mutation of the same, so that treatments and therapies can be more effective.