Wednesday , May 18 2022

Childhood Obesity and Obesity: The Responsibility is for Adults | chronicle



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By Gabriel Arias

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One of the problems that affects the world for adults and children, and the alarming increase, are obesity and childhood overweight, as they are epidemics that only in our country 30% of school age children are affected and 6% suffer from obesity. And its consequences are terrible because they can lead to chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease.

For this reason, the doctor
Victoria Falcón (pediatrician and M.Nr. 140452) is recommended:
"It is important to encourage the development of a healthy life based on good nutrition along with physical activity." In terms of food, the children's habits are far from recommended because only 17.6% of the children and girls from 13 to 15 consume 5 daily servings of fruits and vegetables and half of the population of that age consume 2 or more sweet drinks a day . Childhood is the best time to transfer to children's habits that will help to be healthy adults ".

Food tips

When it comes to food, there are points that can help children, for example:

Prioritize homemade food: Processed foods are presented as attractive products for children from attractive packaging and marketing strategies. The taste is achieved with large additions of salt, sugar and fat in foods, stimulants of human gums. Many times the sugar is not among the ingredients, but if you are looking for others, such as corn syrup, dextrose and glucose. The base product to be processed loses much of its nutrients and is compensated with dyes, flavors, preservatives, vitamins and synthetic nutrients. Thus it can be advertised as rich in calcium and vitamins and the durability of the product is achieved to the detriment of its quality. When you buy food, read the ingredient labels and bring them with the least amount of additives. The homemade food is superior, especially when preparing a list of ingredients and raw materials used, which moderates the use of salt, sugar and fat in the food that is consumed.

Increase water consumption: Juices and soft drinks are high sugars, even those with sweeteners who, when consumed in a larger amount than recommended, can cause harmful long-term effects. If taken to extinguish thirst, the child will have consumed more sugar or sweetener at the end of the day than recommended. Drinking a juice sometimes (pressed) can be considered healthy for its contribution of vitamins. The best way to take advantage of the fruits is to eat them all, but you must prioritize water, which is the fluid that best hydrates everyone.

Mount balanced plates: Inhalation of only one type of food, one type of vegetable or fruit or one type of meat limits the intake of nutrients. Each food provides a different type and amount of vitamins, antioxidants and amino acids. The more varied in the diet, the greater is the diversity and density of nutrients we incorporate. As for the portions, the key is to adjust the amounts and respect the child's fullness, to avoid eating without appetite and incorporating the concept of moderation.

moderation: There are no forbidden foods because everything can be consumed in moderate order. A casual candy, juice or chocolate in the baby will not change their long-term healthy habits. You can enjoy some of these temporary flavors in your home, it will make children not desperate for soda, juice, snacks, candy on birthdays or parties.

Larger physical activity

But these eating habits must be accompanied by physical activity, as the Ministry of Health's National Council for Physical Activity and Health has confirmed that 83 percent of Argentine youths are insufficiently active. Therefore, physical activity is recommended depending on the child's age.

Under 6 years: Free play time corresponds to physical activity, preferably outdoors in squares and parks.

Children from 6 to 12 years old: It is the occasion of sports initiatives in a relaxed environment, as the activities should be fun and fun, not necessarily a formal training program. Adjusting stimuli with a game method allows you to keep your activity longer and carry out more exercises without getting tired of you. It is a step where you have to work to acquire and improve motor skills and coordination, so it is recommended to try different sports (without competition) to acquire different skills.

Children over 10 to 12 years old: competitive sports can begin, within the age of the child and physical condition. Group activities are very pleasant at this stage, which facilitates connection.

Tips to be filled in

While there were talks about some tips at the time of eating, what to eat sometimes, how much quantity and priority of homemade food over "outer" there is another important point in improving the quality of life of a boy and it has to do knowing what foods are recommended for them.

A) Half of the bowl is to be covered with vegetables, preferably raw, but can be eaten cooked, sautéed with white sauce or in encrypted.

B) A quarter of a plate is assigned to the accompanying protein, which may be beef, chicken, pork or fish or an egg; another alternative is protein of vegetable origin, such as quinoa, legumes and soya derivatives.

C) The fourth remaining bowl is for a complex hydrate, such as brown rice, legumes, sweet potatoes, potatoes or pasta.

D) Finally add a source of fat like vegetable oil, avocado, nuts or olives.

E) At breakfast and snack you can eat a toast, homemade biscuits or unsweetened cereals, accompanied by yogurt, cheese or eggs and a fruit.

Keys to understand better

1) In our country, 30% of school age is overweight and 6% are overweight.

2) The consequences are serious, as they can lead to chronic non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease.

3) Only 17.6% of boys 13-15 years consume 5 daily servings of fruits and vegetables.

4) It is recommended to prioritize homemade food, increase water consumption, assemble balanced dishes and moderate food.

5) Physical activity should accompany good nutrition, although children should be checked by a doctor before starting the sport.

6) 83% of Argentine teenagers are insufficiently active.

7) Vegetables, fruits, legumes, chicken, beef, pork or fish, carbohydrates and a little source of fat are the recommended diet.

8) Adults are responsible for accompanying a child to establish good habits.

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