by Ilse Romahn
(11.27.2018) According to the Federal Center for Health Education, 88,400 people in Germany live with HIV infection. At least in this country, HIV is no longer a death sentence. Studies show that young people treated with modern HIV drugs have a near normal life expectancy.
Early diagnosis, however, remains important. HIV also favors infection with other sexually transmitted diseases, such as hepatitis B or C, as well as secondary diseases such as renal failure. On World AIDS Day, December 1, 2018, IPF informs: Laboratory research helps identify early risk factors.
Hepatitis as simultaneous infections in HIV
Hepatitis C (HCV) and B (HBV) are among the typical diseases that may occur with HIV infection. Experts see the transmission paths similar to each other. In people with HIV, the risk of chronic hepatitis B is three to five times higher. In addition, hepatitis infections are more common in combination with HIV. The victims develop cirrhosis and liver cancer more often and again. Specialized associations such as the German Association for Infectious Diseases and German AIDS Assistance therefore recommend that people with HIV are regularly examined for hepatitis. To this end, doctors from a blood sample determine appropriate antibodies.
Diagnose the effects of the kidney on time
The HI virus can damage the organs of the body directly or indirectly. These include the kidneys. Their filter function decreases, as they can detoxify the organism ever worse. In addition, the drugs are charged against HIV infection by the kidneys. Experts from German AIDS-Hilfe therefore recommend that the kidneys be examined once or twice a year. Laboratories use blood and urine samples to analyze creatinine and urea values and check whether the values of proteins and electrolytes are correct. This shows how well the kidneys work.
For further information, see the article "In focus: Sexually transmitted infections" and the IPF brochures "Kidney disease" and "Liver inflammation". They can be downloaded free of charge at www.vorsorge-online.de. If you do not have internet access, you can also order in writing at the IPF Freight Service, PO Box 27 58, 63563 Gelnhausen. Be sure to include the title of the IPF brochure, name and full address.