More than 90 percent of all diabetes cases in the world are diabetes mellitus of the other type, which, according to experts, affects especially lifestyle and the environment.
It was once again referred to as diabetic, but it is already present in children and adolescents. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is obesity and obesity" says Deputy Chairman of the Slovak Diabetes Society (SDS) Zbynek Schroner. He added that the reason for obesity and obesity in young people is poor food with excessive consumption of high energy, low-fiber food.
"We are talking about the so-called Coca colonization of the lifestyle" says Schroner. An important factor, according to him, is already a sedentary lifestyle for children. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is different in different countries. We can say a significant increase in the US, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, diabetes mellitus of the other type is usually found in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western Europe, but according to Schroner there is also an increasing number of cases in central and eastern Europe. Slovakia is still only rarely present. "But we are worried that this situation will get worse," he says.
The reason for prevention and treatment is not medication, but non-pharmacological measures, ie healthy eating and exercise. "A big part plays as parents lead children to the right living. It is very important for the children to have their physical activity maintained, so a good choice is not exercise on a bike, but for example ice skating, dancing or dog racing " says Schroner. However, it is important for diabetes to be an entire society.
"The gene allows other types of diabetes, but they do not," says Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic sensitivity to the development of Type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for the disease to occur. "Risk factors such as the presence of diabetes in a direct family relationship or elevated blood sugar in the past are important. Increased risk is also found in women who previously had diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease earlier or earlier " added Doničová.
Patients with a certain risk factor should be tested once a year. Even in patients with no risk factor, it is recommended that blood sugar levels be tested every three years. According to the 2002 prevention program for diabetes, people who had elevated blood glucose decreased the risk of diabetes by 31 percent compared to patients who had no active substance. Physical activity reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start training or changing your eating habits," says SDK President Katarina Rašlová. It also believes that it is important to raise awareness of healthy food.