BRATISLAVA, November 8 (WebNoviny.sk) – Low inoculation of society threatens its health and can lead not only to unnecessary illness but also to death. Reducing the population's coverage through vaccination can cause the disease to recover from which it was previously protected.
Elimination of diseases
Otherwise, when the coverage is stable and high, the disease drops and in some cases it can completely disappear. Despite the success of vaccination efforts each year, 1.5 million people die from diseases that prevent vaccination.
Since the vaccination has occurred, the expected life expectancy has increased by 15 to 25 years and is expected to increase further. Evidence suggests that vaccination has been a major contributor to the disease, which can now prevent more infectious diseases. Effective disease control and elimination programs have been shown to have mass vaccination programs.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), vaccines are the most important tool for reducing the high morbidity and mortality associated with influenza pandemics, which annually infect approximately 3.5 million people, resulting in deaths of up to 650,000 people. In 1990, communicable diseases accounted for 33 percent of all deaths, in 2010 it was only 25 percent.
Vaccines are also among the most affordable health investments. They reduce the economic burden on society through infectious diseases and, for example, reduce pressure on health systems.
Vaccination helps prevent the transmission and spread of infectious diseases in society and can provide collective protection for people who can not vaccinate, for example for young children, people with weakened immune systems or severely ill patients.
Vaccination is also necessary for diseases that do not occur. Any reduction in vaccination reduces the effect of collective protection and increases the risk of epidemics. An example of the reduction of vaccination is, for example, the year's eastern measles epidemic in Eastern Slovakia.
In Slovakia, compulsory and optional vaccination is available. The first category includes vaccination of children against diphtheria, tetanus, black cough, polio, hepatitis B virus and hemophilia infasive infections, measles, mumps and rubella.
It is also mandatory to vaccinate adults against diphtheria and tetanus. Compulsory vaccination, aimed at preventing contagious diseases that can be prevented from being vaccinated, is available to all children in Slovakia and is subject to public health protection.
Parents who do not prove serious cases to a serious caretaker or other physician and refuse compulsory childhood vaccinations will be fined at 331 euros. Optional vaccination includes thirteen other diseases, of which four are travel vaccines.
Vaccination is also important for pregnant women. Before pregnancy, a woman must undergo all mandatory vaccinations. Live vaccines containing attenuated virus or bacterial particles should be allowed to vaccinate no later than one month before the planned pregnancy, with vaccination against sheep pox being the most important if the woman did not survive.
Non live vaccines, with killed virus or bacterial particles, can also be given immediately prior to pregnancy and if necessary during pregnancy. Every pregnant woman should be vaccinated against influenza (from October to December) and diphtheria, tetanus and black cough (28th to 37th pregnancy week).
The significance of mother and child is also vaccinated after birth, and it is safe to be vaccinated even if the woman is breastfeeding. An inoculated mother reduces the risk of infecting her children. A woman who is not vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria and black cough during pregnancy should be inoculated immediately after birth if she has not been vaccinated in the last five years.
Complications in pregnancy can cause flu, for example. For example, direct transmission of the flu from the mother to the fetus during pregnancy is the reason for a miscarriage during the first trimester. Influenza virus causes neurotubic scans and maternal flu also associated with four times the occurrence of fetal tumors. Children of mothers with infected flu sit behind their lungs.
Vaccinations are also mandatory in selected professions. For example, doctors, laboratory workers or asylum seekers are vaccinated against tuberculosis, while epidemiologists, soldiers, prison guards and guards or the Hepatitis A fire brigade. Against hepatitis B, teachers at health schools, social affairs and family, municipalities or social careers.
Risk of infection
Employees of virological laboratories working with rabies virus, remedies and plants must be vaccinated against rabies. Testicular inflammation in the brain must be subjected to vaccination by staff of virological laboratories who work with a kittelspine virus.
Mandatory vaccinations must also be completed by groups of persons who are or have been exposed to an increased risk of infection. For example, people who have come into contact with patients with tuberculosis, meningitis or viral hepatitis A, people living in a household with a person suffering from hepatitis B and people who have come into contact with an animal. In the home of social services, it is obligatory to vaccinate against pneumococcal infections.
Information from SITA was provided by Accelerate Erika Zimanova.