Bernard Bertolucci's departure is an irreplaceable loss not only for the seventh species but also for the world culture. Bertolucci, one of the greatest film directors in history, in his perhaps best film "20th Century", he moved the boundaries of art for more than 50 years, the art that marked the 20th century.
Bernardo Bertolucci was one of the rare artists in the history of humanity who, regardless of the circumstances that changed, and the 20th century was a century of constant and rapid changes, remained faithful to himself. It is true, and his film ethics changed over time, but he always contained his constitution seal while aesthetic changes were primarily the result of maturing and changing the interest of one of the most important authors of the seventh species.
Innocent poet Bertolucci, 21 years old, directed his first "Dead" (La commare secca) script of the famous Pier Paolo Pazolini, a man to leave the Faculty of Modern Literature in Rome and retire to film workers.
The film "Before the Revolution" followed a special left-wing movie where young Bertolucci then painted a modern society (1964) with all its defects, which after the revolution would become a fair and socially-based person. Like all the major European directors at that time, he was delighted with the events of 1968.
"Life before & # 68; It was very different from life after" 68. Before. "68. Our daily lives were full of authoritarian moments. The authorities were intrusive in our lives. In fact, the movement & # 39; 39: 68. It was not only a rebellion against the authorities, but also against the conservatism of our parents. The most important thing that this movement has achieved is the feminist movement and the struggle for a better position for women in society. Things have changed completely and it's very very important, says Bertolucchi.
However, unlike his (former) friend and colleague Jean-Lick Godard, who became even more radical left, Bertolucci, as the critics of the left said, moved from the "bourgeois left" left to the "classic bourgeoisie ". After & # 39; 68. Gods and Bertolucci became seriously wounded (politically resolved), but fortunately for the film, they continued to film even better movies.
Due to the most controversial film "The Last Tango in Paris" in 1972, Bertolucci was sentenced to five years in prison in Italy and four months in prison and in 1978 the Bologna court of Appeal claimed that three copies of the film were preserved but never arrived. During this time, there are still too many explicit sexes between a middle-aged man (Marlon Brando) and barely adult girls (Maria Schneider) "The Last Tango in Paris" is still banned in many parts of the world today.
Regardless of the prohibition that followed him, as well as Maria Schneider's rape situation, as the actor suffered a trauma that she never forgiven Bertolucci and Brand, and later gave up alcohol and drugs, "The Last Tango in Paris" is still one of the most important films in the film history.
He followed even more successful "20th century" and Bertoluci's career continued to move along the uphill road. His most successful film, "The Last Chinese Empire", won nine Oscars, including the two most important – for best film and director, and Bertolucci became the first and currently the only Italian to receive the American Academy Award for the film.
Bernardo Bertolucci recorded 25 films, and even his sharpest critics did not challenge their indisputable talent and significance for the world movie. Even those who contest his most important films admitted that he did at least one masterpiece for his life.
Bertolucci visited Belgrade twice on two occasions. It first appeared in FEST 1977 when an integrated six-hour version of "20" was displayed. three years later, he came to FEST with the film "The Moon" and was appreciated by screening in the new hall – Sava Center, which says it was a "big warmth".
Nevertheless, the most indebted audience in Serbia was his voice against the NATO aggression in Yugoslavia.
"Ignored by war cacophony and trying hard to resist the irrational waves that grow on both sides, I would like to remind the strategists who plan to bomb the Yugoslav cinema daily. This is one of the three most important film archives in the world, an important segment of memory in this destruction of the historical identity, the future and the past, "he wrote, among other things, Bertolucci in a letter to the world's population on April 4, 1999. To destroy the memory, like those destroying hundreds of thousands of people's baptism,
Former director of the Yugoslav cinema Radoslav Zelenovic says that the same year from Bertolucia personally received a copy of his film with permission to appear at the Palić Festival, which, due to the war, lasted only one day.
Bernardo Bertolucchi has shown "left critics" that he has never become a "classic bourgeoisie". Perhaps, with time, "he turned right" politically, but remained a humanist for the rest of his life.