Sex hormones can act as a barrier against COVID-19
Studies show that older women may be at greater risk for “long-term coronavirus” due to lower estrogen levels caused by menopause.
Researchers from King’s College London have called for research into a possible link between menopause and COVID-19 after their results showed that women with lower estrogen levels may be at higher risk of contracting the virus.
According to the Daily Mail, research has shown that postmenopausal women with lower levels of the female sex hormone estrogen may be at higher risk of developing symptoms of “long-term coronavirus”.
The study analyzed data from more than 500,000 women in the UK between May and June. Researchers studied the prevalence of predicted coronavirus among menopausal women and menopausal women taking combined oral contraceptives and women taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
It turned out that women who underwent menopause and were in the age group 45-50 had higher levels of coronavirus than others.
Women in this group also reported symptoms of anosmia (decreased sense of smell), fever and persistent cough and the need for oxygen therapy in hospital.
Meanwhile, women taking COP between 18 and 45 years of age had lower predicted coronavirus rates and hospitalization was also significantly lower.
Researchers have suggested that female sex hormone may act as a protective agent against disease.
Dr. Claire Steves, who works on the COVID research team at King’s College London, told The Guardian: “It’s a good question whether hormones can play a role or other differences in age and gender, such as the immune response.”
But other researchers question this connection: Dr. Betty Raman from the University of Oxford doubts that estrogen protects against coronavirus.
Dr Raman, who conducted a study in 58 hospitals and found that of 41 percent of women in hospitals, 67 percent were over 50, adds: “There is no conclusive evidence that estrogen protects against COVID-19, although it is clear that males onset is a risk factor for the severity of the disease. “
Estrogen is a sex hormone that is responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system. Estrogen levels drop dramatically in postmenopausal women and can affect the body’s functions, including the immune system.
See also: “Researchers Explain the Danger of Coronavirus Odor Loss”