Anorexia has become a common problem among adolescents and specialists warn that, in addition to the negative impact this disease has on the physical, the consequences can also occur at the emotional level. The first signs of anorexia can arise from early ages, and if they are not detected in time, the disease can develop, and in severe cases even death can occur.
One in 100 teenagers between 10 and 19 years suffer from anorexia nervosa, which is the third most common chronic disease in young women, according to statistics from the Association for the Prevention and Treatment of Food Disorders.
What are the first signs of anorexia?
Anorexia is a food disorder that affects the body both physically and mentally. Psychologist Laura Maria Cojocaru says that this disease can lead to confusion, slow thinking and can give rise to obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar or schizophrenic behavior.
In the case of physical manifestations, anorexia leads to dehydration, chronic fatigue, lethargy, muscle weakness, edema in the hands and feet, digestive system, abdominal pain and decreased body temperature.
"In anorexia, the risk of death is four times higher than in the case of major depression. This risk is increasing in people diagnosed with anorexia around 20 years. The reason may be a combination of psychological, biological and social factors, such as social attitude to physical appearance, family influence like perception, origin from very strict families, highly critical, perfectionist or very protective, high-voltage events: divorce, a love death, change of residence or other life aspects, physical or mental illness in the family. Anorexia may also be for medical reasons: diseases of the digestive system biliary calculations or gallstones, ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, etc.), hormonal disorders (Addison's disease), encephal disease (stroke, trauma, dementia), chronic inflammatory diseases, loss of sense of taste, depression, anxiety or various types of medication. Think of a person with anorexia is distorted NGD, in the sense that he perceives his body as overweight, when objectively weight less than normal. At the same time an anorectic person will control his life only after approval or dissatisfaction with society and will have a negative thinking like: does not match, I will not be accepted, I can not be lovedI'm fat, I do not deserve to enjoy life. The worst thing is that if he does not achieve perfection, suicidal thoughts will arise. It is flooded with negative feelings, such as intense fear of joining, implicit of social rejection, feelings of shame, guilty, distrust in themselves, others and finally in life and the opportunities it offers ", explained psychologist Laura Maria Cojocaru.
How do you know if a close person suffers from anorexia?
People who suffer from anorexia often refuse to eat in the presence of other people tend to measure their meals all the time, so they consume very small portions, hide food, use laxatives or drugs that reduce appetite, are obsessively important, and have an exercise program that considers their body.
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