preinfarction or unstable angina is a medical emergency because it can quickly develop into an acute myocardial infarction.
mild heart attack: The main manifestation of angina is chest pain caused by atheromatic plaques. They develop complications by blocking the vessels irrigating the heart. .
Symptoms of preinfarkt
You may think you have angina if you have at least one of the following signs or symptoms:
– Breast pain, behind the sternum, going to the left upper extremity, crazy, teeth or to the back;
– Pain is like a pressure, weight, burn or even a claw that connects you;
– When you start pain you get the feeling of immediate death and get upset.
– have nausea and vomiting
All these manifestations occur when you exercise, if you are upset, after intercourse, after a plentiful meal or if you are in a cold; They can last for more than 15 minutes in the event of a pre-infarction. In unstable angina, pain may also occur at rest and may disappear after nitroglycerin administration.
Symptoms of pre-infarction in women
Women may have different symptoms for men because they do not feel feelings or chest tightness. In their case, signs of angina include chest tightness, dizziness, difficulty breathing or stomach ache. All of these symptoms may also occur under other conditions, so the diagnosis is often delayed.
How dangerous is infarct?
You must know that unstable angina is usually followed by myocardial infarction. From the first breast pain you should contact your doctor who will do an electrocardiogram and a set of tests. These will provide valuable indexes of the risk of myocardial infarction.
Treatment of unstable angina
The treatment of unstable angina is similar to the treatment of infarction. You must know that if you have an unstable angina crisis, you must be hospitalized in the intensive care area, you will be monitored and you must not go out of bed.
For pain relief you can have tranquilizers and even morphine. If you suffer from suffocation you will also get oxygen in the first hours of uptake. As a medicine you can get intravenous nitroglycerin every 5 minutes, provided that your blood pressure does not fall below 100 mm Hg; propanolol, nifedipine, xylene or heparin with acenokoumarol are other drugs indicated for the treatment of unstable angina.
Aspirin at a dose of 70-160 mg / day and clorpidogrel are platelet aggregates that prevent the formation of blood clots that can block the coronary artery.
And statins are part of the unstable angina medicine, which is recommended from the first day of treatment. They reduce cholesterol and act on plaque of atheroma, the main cause of myocardial infarction.
Angina pectoris may be worse if you have fever, anemia, hypo- or hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthyroidism or if the lungs do not work properly.
mild heart attack: Risk factors include:
– Age over 60 years
historical history of ischemic heart disease
– High cholesterol levels in the blood
– high blood pressure, smoking
– insulin-treated diabetes
– sedentaryism, obesity, male sexual antisense with protective role
– Excessive consumption of refined sugar, saturated fat, alcohol
-symnosomatic type A: ambitious, energetic, aggressive, impatient
-professions with increased stress.