Varicella is one of the most common diseases in childhood, with high infectivity of over 95%, especially at the beginning. In October 2018, family traders in Alba County reported 54 cases of varicella to Alba Public Health Directorate (DSP), less than in the same period last year (73), but the number of diseases is getting higher in November, as the disease is extremely contagious.
White DSP recommends that parents, if their children have specific symptoms, delay as much access to society as possible and do not participate in public events during the following period (1 December minivan and winter law) to avoid spreading.
To avoid spreading varicella it is recommended to rest in the house for at least two weeks. As soon as the child is diagnosed (preferably in an infectious disease) he will remain in the house three days after the last shed has fallen. A total of 14 to 18 days after the first signs of chicken pox.
A special diet is not recommended for those with varicella, but it encourages the consumption of fluids and a light, varied diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
After healing, an epidemiological opinion from a pediatrician or family supervisor is required that the child who has had chicken pox should bring him to a kindergarten or school.
DSP Alba informs that varicella is highly contagious because it is sent very easily: through direct contact with saliva and damage, but also by a simple sneezing or coughing of the sick person. Varicose in children reduces immunity. Thus, additional attention is required in one month after healing.
If your child also makes shicts, inform immediately the friends who played 2-4 days before the first bettors, the other family members, necessarily in the kindergarten / school and pregnant women who stayed near the child with varicella and who have not had this the virus so far.
According to the National Center for Communicable Disease Surveillance and Control, varicella is an acute infectious disease caused by varicella vesicular virus, as evidenced by vesicular rashes, occurring in waves accompanied by mild general manifestations (fever, headache, muscle pain, nose).
It is specific to childhood, but it can also affect mature people who have not experienced the disease and have not been immunized with the vaccine.
The source of infection is chickenpox or herpes zoster infected by upper respiratory tract secretions, but also by secretions of fresh skin and dementia.
The incubation period is 14-16 days, with 10-21 days.
Transmission is via respiratory tract, via nasopharyngeal secretion droplets spread aerogently or through aerosols contaminated with secretions from the broken blisters or in rare cases of newly infected subjects with secretions of the mucous membranes or skin lesions. Chicken cows are not contagious.
Prevention of the disease is by vaccination. Postvaccinal immunity appears to be lasting and is probably permanent in most vaccinated individuals.
Alba DSP Press Office