About 640,000 Portuguese (9.9%) had diabetes in 2015, a disease more common in men and persons without occupational activity and with lower education levels, according to data published yesterday by the National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge (INSA).
The data are included in the National Health Survey with Physical Examination (INSEF), conducted by INSA, which analyzed the household status of the residents population in Portugal in 2015 between 25 and 74 years.
According to data presented in connection with World Diabetes Day, 641,000 Portuguese (9.9%) were classified as diabetic. Diabetes was more common in men (12.1%), in the age group 65-74 years (23.8%), in non-occupational persons (20.6%) and with less education (20.1%). .
These data were obtained from measurements of glycosylated hemoglobin and data obtained by questionnaires. Individuals (including pregnant women) who had glycosylated hemoglobin equal to or greater than 6.5%, who reported to have received diabetes mellitus within two weeks prior to the interview or who reported that they had diabetes was considered diabetic.
The first INSEF was developed in 2015 to gather epidemiological data on the state, determinants and health care of the Portuguese population.
A total of 4,911 people were studied, mostly in active age (84.3% aged 25-64), of which almost two thirds (63.4%) were "without school or secondary education" and 11.2% unemployed.
"This research had the added value of combining information gathered through direct interview with the individual with data from an objective component of physical examination and blood collection," says INSA.
The purpose of INSEF is to contribute to "improving Portuguese health by supporting national and regional activities for observing and monitoring the health of the population, evaluating health programs and public health research," the institute said in a statement.