Prevention of diseases transmitted by Aedes-Aegypt must begin before the high season to prevent mosquitoes
As it approaches the summer, the warning signal is used to fight dengue. Due to the heat and the long rainy season, an increase in the spread of Aedes aegypti, a mosquito that transmits the disease, is possible. In addition to dengue, attention is drawn to zika and chikungunya, diseases that are also transmitted by the mosquito.
According to the Ministry of Health, 2018 registered 101,863 cases of dengue, 29,675 of chikungunya and 2,985 of zika. To encourage awareness campaigns on the subject, doktoralia, a platform that connects healthcare professionals and patients, predicts the discussion and clarifies the main points of the theme.
According to the infectologist and the doctoral candidate, Doctor Diana Galvão Ventura, preventive, consists of fighting the mosquito's focus. "It's easier to eliminate the vector in the larval phase than in the adult phase, when there is already a mosquito. Aedes proliferates in the accumulated water. He prefers the pure but also puts eggs into the dirty water so it is important to eliminate all eruptions: kappa watercourses, empty plant pots and tires, disable abandoned pools and etc. "It further complements the use of repellent in the exposed areas of the body as a valid resource.
The main symptoms of dengue are high fever, muscle pain, headache, eye pain, joint pain, body pain, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. "The patient may have a combination of some symptoms, which can also be aggravated depending on the degree of the disease. In the case of zika, they seem milder, and in the case of chikungunya, the pain is more intense and has a longer duration – with bow and go – and can develop into a chronic condition, "adds Dr. Diana.
In any event, the risk groups for the disease, especially difficult, children, elderly, pregnant women (all three diseases are transferable to the fetus) and people with certain immunodeficiency. In these situations, the symptoms may be more intense and the consequences are even more serious. "Zika has the exacerbation of being sexually transmitted, and although dengue is considered to be more serious in general, both zika and chikungunya can trigger neurological complications."
The first step is always to seek medical attention to get an assertive diagnosis and initiate appropriate treatment. "Dengue Care involves intensive hydration to replenish fluids. This is also an important aspect of other diseases, but not as immediate." For example, Chikungunya needs to be stronger in analgesia due to pain, "says the doctor.
The Ask the Expert service, which allows you to ask questions about health free and anonymously, are the most common questions about treatment and medication that may or may not interfere with the process. Dr Diana explains that anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin should be avoided and in order to avoid complications, medical follow-up is always recommended.
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