the Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases, and there are several types that can affect the genital area (vulva, vagina, anus, penis), mouth and throat. However, it is very easy to prevent, because there is a vaccine that can be applied to girls and boys from 9 years of age.
In the case of diseases, there will always be myths and taboos related to the subject. It is therefore as specialists from League against cancer solve the most common myths because of this virus.
1. Only women get HPV
False! Men can also suffer from human papillomavirus, as it is estimated that most sexually active men and women will get this infection sometime in life.
2. Only women can be vaccinated against HPV
False! The vaccine is recommended for children from 9 years of age. The doses should be applied as follows: girls and boys from 9 years to 14; Apply 2 doses with a range of 6 months and women and men aged 15 years and over. Apply 3 doses, the second dose after 2 months of applying the first and third doses after 4 months of the second dose.
3. There is only one type of HPV
False! There are more than 100 types, of which Tribes 16 and 18 are considered to be high risks, which account for 70% of fall of cervical cancer, which is the main cause of cancer death in Peruvian women. In addition, these strains may cause volcanic, anal and vaginal cancer, and also other strains like 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of the genital warts.
4. The HPV vaccine moves the onset of sexual activity
False! The vaccine only protects girls against human papillomavirus. The initiation of the girl's sexual activity depends on the information she receives from her parents, schools and communities.
5. HPV means I have cancer
False! Having human papillomavirus does not necessarily mean that you will develop cancer. This is because not all virus strains are carcinogenic.
6. HPV has symptoms
False! Most people who have been infected with HPV have no symptoms. Thus, the victims do not experience serious health problems. As we mentioned earlier, HPV's only manifestations (which are not always present) are genital warts and certain types of cancer.