The big space organizations plan to send people back to the moon, Mars and maybe even further into the room.
On other heavenly bodies, the Romans become the researchers' eyes and hands. The spacecraft succeeds in finding or not finding scientific interest can be of great importance to the entire spacecraft.
Therefore it is important that spacecraft is so good at field work and other research as possible. But not all space teachers are educated researchers and are therefore carefully trained in what to look for.
Among other things, Pangea teaches romance in space geology and how to find and take samples that can be used by geologists and other researchers.
During a space trip, the Romans are almost in touch with researchers on Earth. Now, this contact can be even closer and more accurate with the help of an app.
Used on tablet
The app is called Electronic Field Book and developed by the European Space Agency ESA. Electronic Field Book uses location information, data sharing, verbal contact and more in real time.
– The app is on a regular tablet and can be used to take notes or check information in the field, but also more, says Leonardo Turchi, a computer engineer who has been working on the software for almost a year.
Among other things, the Electronic Field Book can record and save exactly where the spacecraft goes. At the same time it detects where samples are taken and compares them with other samples. Information from or conversations with researchers on Earth is also stored in the app for later use.
Electronic Field Book integrates this with microscopic information, 360-degree cameras, spectrometers or other instruments. Maps, dictionary and reference books on various minerals can also be found in the app.
Communication in remote locations
The app not only combines geological information. It is also specially designed to communicate in fields and other celestial bodies.
"We made the electronic field book so that it addresses bad or missing communications networks in remote locations," said Leonardo.
The app was first tested by spacefighters during Pangea 2018 in Lanzarote, Spain. Here, devices that amplify network signals up to 100 meters are used to communicate with space travelers moving in a tunnel underneath the subway. Such tunnels are also on the moon and March.
"The electronic field book also gives you a complete overview of everything happening in the field at one and the same time," said Riccardo Pozzobon, one of Pangea's teachers.
At the same time, space-based or ground-space researchers can take over space travelers' space tools, talk directly together or share recorded or written messages and other information.
Combined with virtual reality
Future space researchers and researchers who help them can also use virtual reality or enhanced reality. Perhaps with three-dimensional geological maps, along with measurements and description of samples already taken.
For example, the electronic field book can send images taken with a 360 degree camera to a scientist's VR glass on the space base or on the ground.
This way, the researcher can see the landscape from the exact same perspective as the Romans and point out important places to try or other interesting things for the space traveler in real time.
Other spacecraft has also been tested in the room, including the Danish astronaut Andreas Mogensen.
To train spacecraft, equipment and experiments for the moon, ESA will build a large moon landscape with artificial moon sands in Germany.