The presence of antimicrobial resistance is a problem for health care. According to the OECD, super-bacteria can kill 2.4 million people by 2050. However, simple measures can be taken to combat this sweat.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) warns of excessive consumption of antibiotics, in a report released Wednesday, 7 November.
In the end, antibiotic resistant bacteria can kill 2.4 million people before 2050 in Europe, North America and Australia. Therefore urgent to reduce antibiotic consumption. Here are 4 questions to learn more about antimicrobial resistance.
What is antimicrobial resistance?
"Antimicrobial resistance is the phenomenon that a bacterium becomes resistant to antibiotics", defines the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health. Bacteria, which are "used" for this type of medicine, transform and develop defense mechanisms. Results? Antibiotics become ineffective in the treatment of these infections.
What are the reasons for antimicrobial resistance?
Antibiotic resistance is caused by too much and repeated use of antibiotics. But antibiotics act on both the bacterium of the infection to be treated and those that are important to the body. All bacteria are therefore likely to develop antibiotic resistance mechanisms.
What are the consequences of antimicrobial resistance?
"Antibiotic victims threaten our current lifestyle and endanger all progress made by the drug for more than 70 years", reports the Ministry of Health's website. "If overuse of antibiotics is not stopped, antimicrobial resistance can be one of the leading causes of death in the world".
Without effective antibiotics, the risk of medical surgery such as surgery or chemotherapy would be too high and therefore impossible. Diseases will be longer and may be the source of serious complications.
Which category of population is most affected by this fungus?
"The likelihood of becoming resistant infection is significantly higher for children in their first year and for adults 70 years and older", informs the OECD press release. On the other hand, men are more likely than women to develop a resistant infection.
How do you stop antimicrobial resistance?
The OECD report shows that three out of four deaths from these infections can be prevented by simple measures: encouraging better hygiene (hand washing), more motivated use of antibiotics, administering tests to patients, rapid diagnosis to determine if they have viral or bacterial infections, delay prescription antibiotics or organize awareness campaigns in the media.
To read also:
⋙ WHO warnings about antibiotics: how to use them?
⋙ Taking antibiotics would increase the risk of developing kidney stones
⋙ 6 misconceptions about antibiotics