The lack of knowledge about dyslexia, a difficulty in learning to read and write concerns 10% of the global population. can lead to children being classified as "lazy", which affects their self-esteem and deepens the problem, while diagnosis and prompt treatment enable better schooling, experts say ahead of the global day of this disease.
"Dyslexia is a difficulty in learning to read and write in children with a normal coefficient and that they were subjected to conventional education, ie if a child was not in school, for example, a diagnosis can not be made," he explained. to the agency Telam Rodolfo Benavente, Head of Child Neurology at Hospital de Clínicas.
Currently, dyslexia is included in the diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders in the American Psychiatric Association in the category of neurodevelopmental disorders and in the subcategory "Specific Learning Disorder (ASD)". Dyslexic children can not read or do badly – present repetitions, additions or substitutions – they have difficulty copying from the board, they always need more time, they do not understand what they are reading, they are having trouble typing and they have a bad spelling.
The specialist said that "although it is possible to detect any signs at an early age, a diagnosis of dyslexia can not be done until 9 years because there are children who do not have a fluid reading and do not have difficulty until 7 or 8 years." "It also happens that the boys in many cases are labeled" lazy "or that we are interested in school, and there is no evidence that there is a problem that affects their self-esteem and aggravates the condition," Benavente says.
In the same sense, Juan Manuel Ferrer, director of child neurology at INEBA (Institute of Neurosciences Buenos Aires) said "the biggest problem is that dyslexics generally have a normal IQ but can not use it so they get frustrated, they lower their self-esteem and abandon what they are doing and go into a vicious circle. "
The neurologist described that "recently, people with dyslexia observed that brain flow is lower in the areas involved in the reading process." "It's also a pathology associated with genetic burdens, because more than 60% of children with dyslexia have family history. At the clinic, this is evident. When asked parents, they usually say that" they had the same when they were children " he said.
The treatments for this disease are interdisciplinary, but in what refers to the school, both specialists indicated that "they do not need drastic changes in the course price, but concrete adaptations".
"Give them more time to copy from the board, allow them to print in print, share the tests into parts, if the content is evaluated, do not subtract spelling grades, there are some examples of actions that can be taken to facilitate learning," concluded he. Ferrer.
Every November 8, world-wide dyslexia is remembered with the aim of raising awareness of this difficulty which, according to the INEBA, affects 10% of the global population.