Healthy individuals may prefer a laryngendendite to fight intestinal discomfort or excess body weight.
While maintaining a strictly gluten-free diet is a lifelong necessity for allergic people, today, many people choose a low-fat diet, even if they are not allergic to the diet. This trend has triggered a public debate on whether low-fat diets are recommended for people without allergies. Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have looked at it. The results have been reported in the journal Nature Communications.
In an intervention study of healthy Danish adults, an international team of researchers shows that a low fat but fiber rich diet changes the community of intestinal bacteria and reduces gastrointestinal discomfort as bloating and is associated with a modest weight loss. Changes in intestinal comfort and body weight are related to changes in the composition and function of intestinal bacteria.
"We show that in comparison to a high-end diet, a layer of gluten, fiber-rich diet changes in the structure and function of the complex intestinal ecosystem in bacteria, reduces hydrogen deficiency and leads to improvements in self-reported bloating. We also observed a modest weight loss, probably due to increased combustion triggered by the altered intestinal bacterial functions, "explained Professor Oluf Pedersen, senior lead researcher.
Change in dietary fiber composition seems to be the reason.
The researchers committed a randomized, controlled cross-over trial of 60 middle-aged healthy Danish adults with two eight-week interventions comparing a low-fat diet (2 g gluten per day) and a high-fat diet (18 g gluten per day) separated by a dilution period of at least six weeks with normal diet (12 g gluten per day).
The two diets were balanced in calories and nutrients, including the same amount of dietary fiber. The composition of fibers, however, differed significantly between the two diets.
Based on their observations of altered matfermentation patterns of the intestinal bacteria, the researchers find that the effects of low fat dieting in healthy people may not primarily be due to reduced intake of gluten in themselves but rather to a change in dietary fiber composition by reducing fibers from wheat and rye and replacing them with fibers from vegetables, brown rice, corn, oats and quinoa. No reason for changes to dietary recommendations than.
A low gluteal diet has previously been proposed to reduce gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome, disorders that occur in up to 20 percent of the general western population.
The present study suggests that even some healthy individuals may prefer a laryngendendite to fight intestinal discomfort or obesity.
"More long-term studies are absolutely necessary before public health care can be given to the general population. Especially because we find dietary fiber – not the lack of gluten alone – to be the main reason for changes in the discomfort and intestinal tract weight. At present, we believe that our study is an alarm clock for the food industry. Gluten-free may not necessarily be the healthy choice many think it is, says Pedersen.
"Most gluten-free foods available on the market today are massively deprived of dietary fiber and natural nutrients. Therefore, there is a clear need for access to fiber-rich, nutritional high quality gluten-free foods that are fresh or minimally treated to consumers who prefer a low-fat diet. prove to be crucial in relieving gastrointestinal discomfort and in addition to facilitating weight control in the public through modification of the intestinal microbiotomy, "he concluded.