Panevėžy's Department of Public Health Center under the Ministry of Health announces that November 18, the European Day of Antibiotics is celebrated each year in Lithuania and throughout Europe. Today's goal is to remind public health workers and the public about the threats posed by public health to antibiotics, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and to develop the correct use of antibiotics.
How does antibiotic resistance develop?
Bacteria become resistant to antibiotics when specific antibiotics lose the ability to kill bacteria or stop growth. Some bacteria are naturally resistant to certain antibiotics (natural or natural resistance). Worse, if any of the bacteria usually exposed to the effects of antibiotics become resistant to them due to genetic changes (acquired resistance). Residual bacteria survive an antibiotic and continue to multiply, prevent the disease or even cause death. Infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria may require more care and alternative and more expensive antibiotics, which may also have a more harmful side effect.
Self-healing antibiotics – irresponsible antibiotic treatment
Antibiotics do not help fight infections caused by viruses such as colds or flu. Antibiotics do not reduce fever and do not include symptoms like sneezing, runny nose. Up to 80% of the cold is viral, so you will not get better with antibiotics. They effectively fight only bacterial infections. The use of antibiotics improperly makes bacteria resistant to antibiotic treatment. Therefore, if you need antibiotics in the future, they may be ineffective.
Antibiotics should only be prescribed by your doctor
Many colds can cause the same symptom, but their treatment may vary. If you have prescribed antibiotics before and you completely recovered, if you experience similar symptoms you would like to take the previously prescribed antibiotic again. However, the doctor who has just examined you can determine if antibiotics are needed to reduce the current symptoms.
How can you contribute to the correct use of antibiotics?
- Never collect antibiotics for later treatment. If you have received more antibiotics (such as tablets, capsules) than you received, ask your pharmacist what to do with the rest of your medicine.
- Never try to buy antibiotics without a prescription.
- Under no circumstances should you use antibiotics left from prior treatment.
- Never share antibiotic residues with other people.
Vaccines against influenza and pneumococcal infections help to prevent unnecessary use of antibiotics.
Antibiotics are indicated for the development of a complicated bacterial strain of influenza. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common complication of the flu, causing the patient to become a hospital.
Vaccination with influenza and pneumococcal vaccines, especially for risk groups, aims to protect people against influenza and its bacterial complications while avoiding and not necessarily receiving antibiotics.
From influenza and pneumococcal infection more and more people were vaccinated in the Panevezys region
In Panevėžys, more and more people are vaccinated each year with both publicly compensated influenza vaccine: 2015. 9 714 people were vaccinated, in 2016 – 10 454, 2017 – already 11 885 people. There is also an increase in the number of vaccinees for pneumococcal vaccine for persons at risk, infants and others: in 2015, vaccinated at 1,906, 2016 – 2,367, 2017 – 2,194 persons.