Tuesday , August 16 2022

Potentially fatal measurements can be eradicated through extensive vaccination


The woman thought and carried a son; and when she saw how beautiful he was, she hid him for three months. Exodus 2: 2 (Israel's Bible ™)

Trade fairs – the highly contagious virus disease caused to affect 20 million people and kill about 75,000 a year, mostly in developing countries in Africa and Asia – is a good candidate for extinction. There is an excellent, very effective vaccine, and unlike influenza and other infectious diseases, it does not occur in animals.

Symptoms usually develop 10 to 12 days after exposure to an infected person and no later than seven to 10 days. The airborne disease is so contagious that you only need to be in the same room as someone with the measles; You do not have to be in a cough or sneezing or to be touched to get it.

Initial symptoms typically include fever, often higher than 40 ° C, cough, runny nose and red eyes. A flat, red rash that usually begins on the face and then spreads to the rest of the body is the most known symptom.

Severe complications include bronchitis, encephalitis, pneumonia, seizures, corneal ulcer and scarring in the eye, blindness and acute cerebral palsy. Children who have weakened the immune system due to cancer or other conditions are particularly vulnerable. Mesh can additionally suppress the immune system for weeks to months, which can contribute to ear infections and bacterial pneumonia.

About one in 1,000 patients develops a brain attack that causes permanent damage. Death is the result of neurological or respiratory complications.

By the early 1960s, measles were so common that if a child was infected, parents often took their healthy children to be close to him to get over with the infection. But a safe and effective vaccine was introduced in the western world in 1963, which causes reported cases of measles falling from hundreds of thousands to tens of thousands a year in the United States in the 1970s and only thousands annually in the 1980s.

So if there is a protective vaccine, why did not measles dry like cups? Mask eradication – defined as a stop for the transfer of measles around the world, so vaccination can be stopped – is theoretically possible.

Firstly, the vaccine is not effective in infants for one year. Secondly, immunization costs money, and many very poor countries can not afford it, even with the help of the World Health Organization. Others are infected because they do not have access to high-quality medical care.

In addition, older adults are never infected naturally and are not vaccinated as children, and they can be a source of infection. For the incidence of measles to fall to zero, it is estimated that more than 90% to 95% of the population must become immune. In 1995, 32 countries reported the extent of measles vaccine below 60%; In Haiti, for example, reported coverage of routine infant immunization was only 23%.

With the rise of global air travel, if an airline has measles, he can infect many on the planet.

A growing problem in the West is internet and social networks, through which misinformed individuals who ideologically oppose vaccinations generally try to persuade others not to protect their children. This has occurred in developed European countries where some parents refuse to vaccinate their children. As a result, the World Health Organization reported that in the first half of 2018, more than 41,000 measles cases in Europe were reported. 40 children and adults died of it.

The first vaccine dose should be given around a baby's first birthday and the second dose when he or she reaches the first class; The bulkheads offer approximately 97% protection rates.

A new Israeli study published in Journal of Pediatrics have found that children of unskilled women in this highly developed country are more likely to remain unvaccinated or to suffer from delayed vaccinations. Researchers from Ben-Gurion The University of Negev in Beersheba showed less formal education of mothers, the less likely it is that their children aged two to four will receive the full course of government-recommended vaccinations.

The research of PhD student Dr Guy Hazan, led by Profs. Ron Dagan and Michael Friger of the BGU Faculty of Health Sciences are particularly important now that Israel is in the midst of a serious outbreak of measles. An 18-month-old Jerusalem baby was recently killed by measles complications, the first case since 2003. In addition, more than 1,400 cases of measles have been reported so far this year, compared with only a few dozen throughout the last year.

The vast majority of the new cases of measles have taken place in Jerusalem, of which almost all parts of the ultra-orthodox Jewish society concern. More extreme groups in this sector who do not accept the Jewish state refuse contact with the state, and thus do not take their children to children's clinics.

A smaller group responsible for spreading measles in Israel is Jews who do not believe in vaccinations, prefer the "natural medicine" method and fall for "false news" as they read on the Internet. The Israeli government is considering blocking unvaccinated children from preschools and other educational frameworks and punishing conflicting parents by interrupting tax credits.

The BGU study is based on the review of records that included 2,072 infants at five mother and baby centers in preventive medicine in southern Israel between 2015 and 2016. It focused on a variety of vaccinations against childhood diseases: hepatitis B, diphtheria tetanus acellular , pertussis (with or without poliovirus vaccine), measles honey rubella varicella and hepatitis A.

The Ministry of Health renewed its requirement that children be vaccinated against diseases between 18 and 7 years.

"We found that maternal education was inversely associated with the probability of vaccination delay by 4% to 9% (depending on the vaccination visit) for each year of schooling over 10 years," the study found. There was no correlation between the fathers education level and vaccination delays. The researchers conclude that better education that emphasizes the importance of training on vaccination timeliness can also act as a catalyst for improving other health-related behaviors.

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