The partisan division of marijuana legalization has steadily declined in the US in recent years. But if you want even more voters from all over the political spectrum to get behind the reform, more key rightsmakers need to support legalization.
It is at least a discovery of a recently published paper that explored political attitudes in Brazil.
In a master's thesis, Guilherme de Alencar Ramos describes two studies that he conducted to investigate how political ideologies affect the opinion of cannabis licensing.
Firstly, investigations were conducted to 304 people in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to test the hypothesis that support for legalization is generally associated with a liberal ideology. Research assistants presented participants a list of four politicians and their respective parties (to eliminate bias, a politician was built) and then asked them to assess the likelihood of each supporting legalization.
The results supported the hypothesis. People generally regard legalization as a liberal issue, found the study.
It put the researchers up for a second, more in-depth experiments. Ramos wanted to decide how opinions about legalization are changed when people think the policy is proposed by a recognizable liberal politician against a conservative.
In order to do this, the research group invited 226 questionnaires with different hypothetical scenarios. In one, a famous liberal politician is said to have drafted a bill to legalize cannabis; In the second, a known conservative politician is said to have done so. Subsequently, participants were invited to judge how they know the legal bill of legitimacy on a scale from one ("strong against") to five ("strong"), and their responses were analyzed in connection with their expressed political ideologies.
When people heard that the bill was written by a center-right legislature, it did not seem to affect how liberal or conservative knew the politics. That was not the case when a liberal politician was said to be the author's writer. Support for legalization fell sharply among self-identified conservatives when they heard the bill was written by a liberal legislator.
"[W]Hone marijuana legalization was approved by a center-right politician, individuals along the political spectrum expressed similar support for politics; Nevertheless, political ideology became an important predictor of political support when a left politician was behind politics, "the paper found." This interaction was primarily due to the fact that people with fair people became less favorable to politics when a left politician was behind it. Left-wing individuals, in turn, did not significantly change their opinion. "
"Further analyzes show that this interaction largely depends on a change of rightwing individuals' support for politics (ie, they become less supportive when the outgroup they perceive as morally disgusting supports it), while left-wing individuals do not change their preferences according to the source , "wrote Ramos.
Obviously, it is not clear if the results would be true in the United States, where support for the cannabis reform is an increasingly bilateral issue, although one still tends to receive more support from Democrats than Republicans.
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Photo courtesy of Brian Shamblen.