Wednesday , November 25 2020

Vaccination against influenza in seniors significantly reduces the risk of death. However, only 20% of them are protected



Czech Republic – More than 2 million people over 65 live in the Czech Republic.1 Everyone is entitled to free flu vaccination. The seniors belong to the so-called risky population because they are at risk of serious illness and other complications.2 People over the age of 65 are up to 60 times more likely to die and generally constitute the category most influenced by the flu.3a Vaccination is the only prevention that effectively protects the flu, mitigates the disease and can prevent fatal consequences. Nevertheless, only about 20% of older people are 65+ in the Czech Republic.4a

A total of 75-90% of the population
over 65 years for the consequences of influenza die.3b, 5a"The cause of death is not only the disease itself but also other health problems
complications that the flu may cause. Age is related
physiological changes – in addition to metabolism, muscle mass or function, and
Tissue morphology also changes the immune system, which in turn leads to a decrease
resistance to various infections, including flu, "
he says MD. Zdeněk Jágrvá, director
Antiepidemic Department Hygienic Station in Prague's Capital.

Risk of disease
Influenza increases in elderly patients with chronic diseases, which
Older people are often found. Experts say one or more diseases at the same time
suffer from over 90% of the population over 70 years. Statistics show that up to 3/4 people
In the 65+ age group it is against cardiovascular disease, half has increased
blood pressure, 37% ischemic heart disease.6 Another frequent
The problem is diabetes, which affects up to 20% of the elderly. its
The danger in older years lies in the fact that it can manifest itself
atypical and non-specific symptoms.7 Age is a risk factor
even in the case of pneumonia (pneumonia), whose presence through influence
decreasing immune response increases especially after 65 years.5b

Influenza in Chronic Nurses – Double Pistol

"Cooling of flu in chronically ill patients is double. Individual chronic
Diseases increase the risk of flu, flu also contributes significantly
deterioration of current state of health. Nevertheless, it is significantly underestimated, not only
among the senior population, but in the Czech Republic in general "
warn MD. Zdeněk Jágrvá. Czech Republic
is only in line with 5-6%3c, between seniors then about 20%4b.
Both the World Health Organization and the EU institutions recommend vaccination
seniors at a level of at least 75%.3d Seniors are in Czech
The Republic as a risk group is entitled to free influenza vaccination. completely
This year's Vaxigrip Tetra four-valent vaccine is also covered
from the last season of the Czech market. Compared to the previous trivial
Vaccines act against four circulating influenza strains (two strains A and
two strains B) and provide even greater protection.

Health and medicine

The benefits of vaccination are confirmed by a number of scientific studies. It follows that in addition to direct effect, vaccination also plays a secondary role in the prevention of complications, hospitalizations and deaths. In the case of seniors, the elderly living outside the health centers contribute to a 30-70% reduction in hospital stays due to pneumonia and flu. For seniors living in care facilities, vaccination reaches 50-60% of the effectiveness in preventing hospitalization or pneumonia and up to 80% of the effect on the prevention of deaths.8 In practice, this means that the vaccinated senior may get sick, but the disease progression is mild and unexplained, significantly less exposed to life.

Mgr. Kateřina Jíchová,
(-Red).


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