update: 07.11.2018 18:21
Release: 07.11.2018, 17:54
Prague – In the last 10 years, 15 percent of diabetics were treated, almost 930,000 in the last year. Other people still do not know about their diagnosis. The treatment of these patients is approximately 13 percent of total healthcare costs, on average it is 53,000 kronor per patient. Information today was given at the press conference of the Czech Association of Pharmaceutical Enterprises (ČAFF) on the World Diabetes Day, celebrated on November 14th.
About 90 percent of diabetics have diabetes of the other type, which is half genetic and the other half forms an unhealthy lifestyle. According to DiaVize's diabetics, Marty Klement's diabetes, 30 minutes of physical activity, including walking or gardening, reduces the risk of diabetes by as much as a third.
For type 2 diabetes, the body has an excess of insulin that can not be released as quickly as the patient needs. In addition, their own insulin does not work as it is and so-called insulin resistance occurs.
Last year, approximately SEK 33 billion was spent on treatment of second class diabetes in the Czech Republic, with a total of approximately 300 billion in health care. If the number of diabetics had risen at the same rate as before, 2035 ten girls will be affected. "The permanent growth becomes unrealistic over time," added Klement.
Patients usually take a combination of up to four drugs for diabetes, another for blood pressure or high cholesterol. "Patients are not treated with a combination of ten drugs, because if they do not follow the diet, their glycemia will not be standard," says Klement, saying that the cost of working with the patient and his lifestyle is much lower and often more effective than healing. More than a third of them do not follow the doctor's treatment.
Czech diabetological society supports the education of patients. Studies show that group therapies are even more efficient than individual talking with the patient. From next year, according to Clement, health insurance companies will also pay. "The problem is to get the patients there, but if they come back they will return more often than usual checks," she added.
The patient who changes his lifestyle can achieve such an improvement that he does not need to take so many drugs and becomes cheaper for the health system. Martin Mátl, Director of the CafF, is also trying to save the costs of public health protection by introducing so-called generic drugs, a copy of the original pharmaceutical patents that have been patented. One example is the medicine for merformin, used by most diabetics. Over the last ten years, according to Math, generic, has saved 3.7 billion kronor.
In addition, diabetics treat not only symptoms that are directly associated with diabetes but suffer more often from chronic complications such as heart disease and renal failure. The risk of stroke increases diabetes by two to four times, five times infarction, heart failure or coronary heart disease.