The World Health Organization (WHO) published a guide to improving the physical health conditions for adults with severe mental disorders, such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and moderate to severe depression.
Through a statement, WHO said that adults with severe mental disorders generally have a life span of 10 to 20 years shorter than the rest of the population.
According to the WHO, the new guidelines are intended to help people with severe mental disorders who also have cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV / AIDS, tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C, as well as people with addiction to tobacco, alcohol or other substances and / or obesity .
The international body clarifies that the majority of premature deaths are due to the fact that the vast majority of patients do not have access to comprehensive healthcare, screening tests and treatments to improve their health, physical and mental health.
The guide provides a series of recommendations on lifestyle changes, such as a healthier diet, greater physical activity and smoking cessation, psychosocial support and medication, taking into account the possible interaction between different health care medications. mental and physical
WHO also recommends individual health care measures, adjustments to health systems and measures that can be taken at Community level.
The WHO guide is primarily intended for healthcare professionals who provide services to people with severe mental disorders at all levels: primary health care, specialized centers and hospitals.
"Education of healthcare professionals, access to appropriate drugs and adaptation of health information systems to collect data on the use of the service should be implemented if they are not already established," emphasizes the WHO.
In the broader social context, the WHO proposes to consider strategies that involve society in general, such as peer support and family and stigmatization programs. "To assess the impact and usefulness of these guidelines and identify areas where improvement is needed, the WHO will gather periodic information from the health ministries," says the Agency.