PARIS, FRANCE.- Pneumonia will kill almost 11 million children under 5 years before 2030 if current trends continue, experts warned on Monday. world Day devoted to this lung infection.
Of a total of 10.8 million predicted deaths, 1.7 million can be registered in only two countries, Nigeria and India, according to the forecasts for Johns Hopkins University of the United States and NGO Save the Children.
700,000 children could die of this disease in Pakistan and 635,000 in The Democratic Republic of Kongo.
Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. According to WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, is the first infectious cause of childhood mortality and causes 15% of deaths among children under 5 years.
WHO estimates that 922,000 children under 5 died of pneumonia in 2015 in the world.
This disease can be caused by viruses, bacteria and fungi.
"Prevention is possible due to vaccination, a nutritional status satisfactory and an improvement of environmental factors, "stresses the WHO.
According to the study, 4.1 million children could be saved by implementing these measures: increasing global vaccination, ensuring access to antibiotics and improving the nutrition of children most exposed to this risk.
"It is unbelievable that almost one million children die each year because of a disease that we still have the ability to overcome," he said. Kevin Watkins, responsible for saving the children, claims drastically lowered vaccine prices.