Tuesday , August 16 2022

Using antibiotics you do not need is expensive and is serious. Using antibiotics you do not need is expensive and is serious. EL UNIVERSAL – Cartagena | UNIVERSAL



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Have you ever self-medicated an antibiotic to treat colds or colds? Let me tell you that he has not only played with his health, but he can face a more serious problem: antimicrobial resistance.

This is the week of awareness of antimicrobial resistance or drug resistance, which is the ability of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and certain parasites to prevent antibiotics from counteracting them. When this happens, antibiotics are no longer effective, which means that infections persist and can also be transmitted from one person to another. Dr. Catalina Hoyos, Medical Director of Pfizer for Colombia and Venezuela, confirms that this problem is a threat to public health.

"Antibiotics are drugs that allow us to fight bacteria, so when there are diseases caused by viruses, parasites or inflammatory, there are other treatments for each of them," he explains.

The expert answers:

For which diseases are antibiotics used?
and for which

– "Any disease caused by a bacterium must be treated with antibiotics. However, many of the cases of flu or cold (60% or 70% say that) is caused by viruses. If the cause is viral you should not use an antibiotic because the person No related infection or produced by a bacterium.
In a disease where etiology is viral, it must be treated according to this condition, that is, by antiinflammatory agents, antipyretics (antifebrile). If there are cases of allergy, antihistamines are used, but never antibiotics. "

Why is it important to use antibiotics well?
"Because they are the ones who fight bacterial infections, they are the ones that make them weak (remember that people have millions of bacteria, good and bad in the body). But when no antibiotic is needed and it's done to the organism, it's done that the bacteria mutate (change), become resistant to the antibiotic and then, when there is a disease where these drugs are required, they need more spectrum antibiotics, more expensive or at worst, these antibiotics do not work. That's why it's important to provide the appropriate treatment for the infection or disease that is ", says the expert.

Among the infections that get harder to treat are pneumococcal infections (which cause pneumonia, ear infections, sinusitis, meningitis), skin infections and tuberculosis.

Within the framework of the World Awareness Week on the use of antibiotics, which is celebrated until November 18, Pfizer, through its campaign "Small Actions Save Millions of Life", invites to act to deal with this global threat.

"In this campaign, we are all called to be more aware of the correct use of antibiotics. For doctors, patients, society in general and even from pharmacies, there should be an awareness from which they derive the images, for example, with respiratory infections and urge users to go to the doctor, which is the one You must investigate and decide what is appropriate treatment. Everyone from society should respect the formulations that doctors give us, complete antibiotics on time, do not formulate relatives, I do not know if you have noticed that they says "this antibiotic has served me" and they give it to aunt or grandmother. We have to leave the decision to use the antibiotics of the doctor, who is the only one who knows at any time to give these medications to patients, "said Hoyos.

WHO recommendations
– Only take antibiotics when prescribed by a certified healthcare professional.

– Do not ask for antibiotics if healthcare professionals say they are not necessary.

– Always follow the instructions of healthcare professionals regarding the use of antibiotics.

– Prepare food under hygienic conditions using 5 keys to WHO Food Safety as a model (keep cleanliness, separate raw and cooked foods, cook carefully, keep food at safe temperatures and use water and safe ingredients), as well as choose foods for which antibiotics have not been used to stimulate growth or prevent diseases in healthy animals.

– Do not use antibiotics that have been handed over to others.

– Prevent infections by washing your hands frequently, preparing food under hygienic conditions, avoiding close contact with patients, adopting protective measures in sexual relationships and keeping current vaccinations.

– Resistance to antibiotics puts the risk of performance in modern medicine. If we do not have effective antibiotics to prevent and treat infections, organ transplants will be chemotherapy and surgical procedures to become more dangerous.

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