After a six-hour meeting, temporary workers from the port of Valparaiso and ministers Hutt and Monckeberg reached an agreement to end a strike and paralysis that has been for 33 days. La Moneda moved the threads that were static one month ago and decided to complete the short proposal from the Von Appen group, who did not turn his arm to the last minute. The opening of a dialogue table to handle the modernization of the hammer law was the key, which is a step to discuss the background to the conflict. At noon on Wednesday, workers should vote on the proposal.
On Monday afternoon, the port of everyday workers reached its climax. After 31 days of demonstrations, about 40 carabinieri of Special Forces went to the headquarters of Valparaíso Stevedores Union, threw the door, broke furniture and took 17 arrested workers. At least 28 workers barred on the roof with faces covered and observed how the building was defeated by FF.EE, which did not allow observers from the National Institute of Human Rights (INDH) to enter.
On the same Monday, the ports of the whole country were lambed for two hours in solidarity with the workers of Valparaiso, a fact not seen since 2014. This support from the Port Union of Chile was not foreseen by Sebastián Piñera's government, unless the strike will pass the 30 effective days or The warning that if there was no solution to the conflict, there would be no new year in Valparaíso, a slogan that took social networks and entered deep into La Moneda. A point as leader of the dockers, Pablo Klimpel, emphasized: "Here are political responsibilities from the government".
Not only that, Klimpel also puts the emphasis on another edge: "I do not understand how an individual can have more power than a state, how is it possible that there is no legislation that can put the private to talk to reach an agreement , not here. It's just about bonds or silver, it's about working conditions, a social problem. There's a working model that collapsed in Valparaíso. "
The conflict reached such a magnitude that it led to all parliamentarians in the fifth region – from Chile to the broad front – adapted at a press conference convened by the mayor of Valparaiso, Jorge Sharp, at the Santiago Congress. It was there when the CEO was called to leave his passive attitude and intervene in favor of Von Appen Group, owner of Terminal Pacífico Sur (TPS) and Ultraport, employer of the mobilized workers.
The government was activated, "could not be so weak", confirmed a board member of the parliament. It was not just a false political estimate of La Moneda about the conflict, but Piñera's administration had already been left so weak for a business group that, despite being not one of the richest, it has a strong link and influence with the current administration.
Therefore, Mario Livingstone, operator of the ministry of work, arrived at the site yesterday afternoon. He had arrived at the congress door to look for the temporary workers' leaders to call them a meeting lasting more than five hours. At that meeting, Minister of Transport, Gloria Hutt, and Minister of Labor, Nicolás Monckeberg, who advised directly from the Ministry of the Interior, supplemented the company's proposal of $ 600,000 in soft loans plus $ 250,000 in training and a Gift, even at $ 250 thousand. This proposal had been rejected, as it had only increased by 400 thousand dollars compared with the last one.
From the CEO, added 700 thousand pesos for education and, most importantly, the opening of a dialogue table to review the contractual grounds for port companies and unemployed workers who will also discuss the port law and modernization. A point demanded by workers, who had been tough opposition from the port managers and certain sectors of the municipality, including the intruder and former president of the port company Valparaiso, Raúl Celis, who was removed from his service because of his mismanagement of the crisis and a series of conflicts of interest with von app group.
The meeting did not participate by representatives of the Von Appen group and Minister Hutt – responsible for negotiations with the company – acknowledged that "the agreement is expensive and we believe there are changes and improvements in the way we relate to concessionaires in ports." The key to La Moneda would act on the matter, apart from the government's case in the polls, the country's international vision in a sensitive area, portability, a problem that would have worried Treasury portfolio and some entrepreneurs from the Federation of Production and Commerce (CPC), which President Piñera met Monday.
After five hours 'meeting, Klimpel said that "the deeper problems will not be solved by the end of this mobilization" and that the last word today has the assembly today: "We value all leaders' efforts, even though the ministers, but I ask you to be reserved to do not give so much details before our composition is informed ".
Hope App's impatience
The TPS company reported that the losses due to the port stop had reached $ 2 million, which was twice as much as the workers would cost the Von Appen Group to meet their requirements. Nevertheless, the business group did not have any extra weight until the last minute of the negotiations, a compromise attitude which, in its immediate vicinity, responded directly to a firewall to avoid opening the debate on contractual relations between port consumer and temporary workers.
La Moneda not only proposed a proposal on the table but also gave political floors to the leaders by calling them to this meeting and left in passage the first argument that this was "a conflict between private", figures that delayed for more than a month any possibility to solution. There are few that yesterday asked the reasons for the Piñerista administration not to engage and the response would be in the power of influences that the Hope Appen Group has, relations that go from close proximity to the authorities of the Fifth Region to the government.
Richard Von Appen, President of the Economics School, is a Union Leader of the Manufacturing Development Society (Sofofa), as President Bernardo Larraín Matte, whom he helped to promote as a "replacement" in the association last year. Your political networks start at local level. Mayor of Valparaiso, Jorge Martinez, was president of the Regional Chamber of Commerce until 2012, leaving office that year as a candidate for the UDI, but lost the election. From his position in the Chamber of Commerce, Martínez was one of the main promoters of TPS in the bid process of Terminal 2 in Valparaíso, but after a long conflict, the Spanish construction company OHL was awarded in April 2013 during the first Government of Piñera.
In August, President Sebastián Piñera announced the project "Paseo del Mar" on the coast of Valparaíso, an alternative to Barón shopping mall, but the initiative to renovate the city does not include new port services, as the Appeals publicly complained about as did – from Ultramar – in The end of the sauna management, when it was decided that Puerto de Gran Escala would be built in San Antonio.
Richard Von Appen (53), a commercial engineer of PUC with postgraduate education at Stanford, is the third generation of a German family from Hamburg. His father is Wolf Von Appen, one of the managers, along with his brother Sven, in the Ultramar freight conglomerate, operating in 17 countries with 55 operating companies and 14,000 employees. The value of the conglomerate is estimated at $ 1,000 million. One of its subsidiaries is TPS, a terminal where 34% of the fruit exported by Chile is shipped.
It is for these figures that unemployment reaches a strong relevance to the national economy, adding that the board chairman, Richard Von Appen, has become a controversial public image of the new breed entrepreneur.
His family is no stranger to politics. Although he does not play a party, his relationship with questions of political interest is clear in his position as Director of the Center for Public Studies (CEP). Like his father, one of the influential financiers tank tankRichard occupies a place in the group of businessmen Jean Paul Luksic, Eliodoro Matte, Carlo Solari, Roberto Angelini, Luis Enrique Yarur, Salvador Said, Herman Chadwick, Jose Joaquin Brunner, Sebastian Edwards, Sol Serrano and Soledad Arellano to name a few. only to any entrepreneurs and academics connected to the study center.
Wolf Von The App actually participated in a financing proposal for the policy developed by CEP under the Elective Financing Act, which was included in the regulations approved more than a decade ago. Overseas has been one of the public and private donors for campaigns under this Act.
He was the head of the SQM, until April 2016, when he left Hernán Büchi, Pinochet's former finance minister. The miner became known to build a network of illegal contributions to politicians from practically the entire national spectrum. In connection with the investigation against Jaime Orpis, a letter in 2012 prompted a total of $ 289 million for the 2012 municipal elections to the Wolf Von App, to allocate among party candidates. Until today there is no evidence in the survey that the donation has been completed.
Richard Von The App, already as an adviser to Sofofa, expressed his ideas –ad portas to start the current government – from the 21st floor of his office, located in El Bosque No. 500. "Chile is missing a dream, what kind of country we want for the next 20 to 30 years. We want every boy or girl to have equal opportunities and depend on their efforts and the talent that God gave him what he can achieve in life. "He added that only the problems that would be solved were tax reform and" labor, as it goes in the opposite direction to what is happening in The world, where with technology and entrepreneurship, greater freedom is sought, while this reform introduces stiffness. "
This view and look at the labor market is what would have led him to not negotiate with unemployed workers. Those who know say that this was a door that was not ready to open, even less, the idea of a new law for port modernization, which could involve new actors in the decision-making process of concessionaries. Proposals today must be discussed in the dialogue table that the government has undertaken in negotiation agreements with the port's temporary workers.
The business group connections do not stop there. In the directory of Ultramar, Dag Von App, cousin of Richard, is also participating. With a doctorate at Harvard, he is an outstanding sailor who has been a South American champion. He is also linked to politics, vice president and one of the financiers of the Foundation for Progress (FPP), redoubt of the "liberal" who is known for the controversial interventions of lawyer Axel Kaiser.
Hope App shares the board with businessman Nicolás Ibáñez, former controller of D & S, currently Walmart. In this group there are also former Minister of Education, Gerardo Varela, and the head of Quiñenco, the parent company of the Luxembourg Group Francisco Pérez Mackenna. Ibáñez has built a real empire inside Valparaíso, actually the FPP's second most important headquarters in the port, and they sent their best political and intellectual cadres.
Day Von App appears among the individual public contributors to Piñera's latest $ 10 million campaign. He is the son of Sven Von Appen, one of the founders of the group, who at a seminar in 2013 said that "Chileans have become so much appetite that they can not stop making them fatier and more comfortable" and that a crisis was necessary to "The Chilean must reach the level that is equal to and not blown". With other brothers, Dag Von App stated in a letter that his father suffers from a degenerative disease and that this opinion does not represent his ideas or the Ultramar group, just as in the 2013 presidential election when he said that if former president Michelle Bachelet did wrong, we're looking for a new Pinochet. "
The app's hope is business people who strongly oppose Popular Unity. The group was founded in 1952 with a capital of 2000 dollars, by Julio Alberto Von Appen, who had been expelled from Chile in 1945, when his tampering activity for the German Nazi regime was verified, a question he never denied to his death in 1969.
Another member of the TPS Board is the economist Pablo Ihnen de la Fuente, former head of budget under the dictatorship, while Büchi was Minister of Finance. He was one of the first economic deans of Universidad del Desarrollo, founded by Joaquín Lavín and Cristián Larroulet, current manager on the second floor of La Moneda.
Fear of fever syndrome
The currency will live key hours in the morning this Wednesday, which could have been avoided if "had heavy weight" from the beginning, arguing from its own government. Sources to the right allowed the "Corresponding Information" not to be sent to Palacio at the beginning of the conflict because of an internal conflict between the regional authorities, where mayor Martínez and Raúl Celis played a role.
Government sources explained that Celis "lowered the profile" of the conflict and be careful not to escalate it at national level. Furthermore, at the time of departure from the company, he pointed out that "for several days there has been no port and the ships have been treated in the normal way". He also pointed out that handing over a remedial bonus would be a bad precedent for the rest of the unemployed workers nationwide and would have been in direct conflict with Gonzalo Davagnino, Director General of EPV, which would have released a real internal struggle in the company's permit.
But among the local authorities in Valparaiso does not agree with the version of the lack of information and agree that the power of TPS and the Hope Appen Group is such that La Moneda's initial passivity in this conflict depends more on the "inability to meet" an entrepreneur who has "deep network of government".
From the business community they had square with the App. Ricardo Ariztía de Castro, chairman of the National Society of Agriculture (SNA), said in a statement that "the port strike has not created a direct impact on the agricultural sector. However, in terms of international trade, it has made Chile uncertain of the commitments and / or commercial agreements that have been acquired with supermarket chains around the world. "He added that" the most unfortunate of this paralysis is the violence the workers have acted with. They not only hurt the public infrastructure and the normal function of Valparaiso, but also threaten to prevent the celebration by the traditional end of the year, which is fundamental to those who live in trade and tourism in the city. "
Despite the deployment last afternoon, the government party acknowledged that the two ministers – Monckeberg and Hutt – lacked the political importance of dealing with a conflict of this magnitude and would have had difficulty measuring while the Government added that he "missed the jineta" meet the business group. Not for nothing, both the Interior Minister Andrés Chadwick and his partner in Segegob, Cecilia Pérez, have been monitoring the conflict from Santiago because the La Moneda goal is one and very clear: to prevent paralysis from being spent this weekend.