Monday , August 8 2022

The 4 dental problems that Chileans suffer most from. | life



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Dental problems are a chronic disease, the most common and commonplace in the population, which is an important public health issue in view of its high impact, especially in the low socioeconomic stratum, as well as the high costs of treatment.

Vidal Alejandro Pomés, dentist and professor at the Faculty of Dentistry, describes the dental problems most often posed by Chileans.

1. Karies:

This is a multifactorial chronic disease of microbial origin, which is characterized by the destruction of the tooth's hard tissues. It begins with a demineralization of the tooth enamel, the most superficial layer of the tooth, caused by acids that generate a set of organized bacteria called bacterial plaques.

These utilize the food residues of our "civilized" diet, which is usually rich in carbohydrates that are included in sweets, cakes and beverages.

"After this initial attack and superficial chemical type, the bacteria continue to invade the dental structures, causing the destruction of the dentine, the tissue that follows deep into the enamel"
explains Pomés.

According to statistics from the Ministry of Health (Minsal), cavities begin from the early years of life and present an important increase in age. At 2 years the prevalence of caries is 17.5%, at 4 years it is 49.6% and at 6 years, where mixed dental care, ie temporary and final teeth, 70.4%. At 12 years it is 62.5% and increases to 99.4% in adults between 65 and 74 years.

2. Gingival and periodontal disease:

Pomés points out that another of the dental problems that most Chileans are consulting are gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gum caused mainly by the same bacterial plaque as described above.

According to the academic, if this inflammation is not controlled, the process of periodontal disease, which has the same bacterial origin, continues.

"Gingivit is characterized by the loss of tooth insertion, that is, the loss of the tissues that holds the teeth inside the jaws,
What without treatment also leads to the loss of these, "emphasizes the professor.

3. Dentomaxillary anomalies:

They are anatomical and / or functional changes that affect the dummy's dental axillary and / or skeleton-molecular relationship. According to Pomés, there are several associated factors, including a genetic component, lack of growth of one or both jaws, number of anomalies and teeth size, premature loss of temporary teeth, interproximal caries, bad suction and mouth breathing, among others.

4. Oral cancer:

This is a disease that is characterized as a chronic and complex process. "The main risk factors are tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption and excessive sun exposure", warnings Pomés.

The fall of oral cancer and throat, according to Minsal, constitutes 1.5% of the total cancer in men and 0.7% in women.

Professor at the Faculty of Dentistry emphasizes that it is essential to look for strategies to promote the transposition of healthy habits of oral hygiene and food from the child population. "The transfer of oral health information from the dentist to the training group is the key. In addition, patients should regularly visit the dentist"he concluded.

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