Monday , December 6 2021

In order to lower high blood pressure, exercise can be as effective as medication



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According to what is considered the first study of this type, which has been published in British Journal of Sports Medicine, Exercise can be as effective as prescription drugs to lower high blood pressure (140 mm Hg).

While promising, the results should not persuade patients to abandon their medicines to lower blood pressure in favor of an exercise plan.

High pressure

The researchers grouped data from 194 clinical trials analyzing the effect of the drug on the reduction of systolic blood pressure and 197 attempts to analyze the effect of structured exercise. They cover a total of 39,742 people.

The structured exercise was classified as: endurance, including hiking, jogging, running, cycling and swimming and intensive interval training; dynamic resistance, which includes strength training, for example with dumbbells; isometric resistors such as static push-up (plank); and a combination of resistance.

Three series of analyzes were performed: All types of exercise compared to all classes of medication to lower blood pressure different types of exercise compared to different types of drugs; and different intensities of exercise compared to different doses of drugs.

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The results showed that blood pressure was lower in subjects treated with drugs than those who followed structured exercise programs. However, when the analyzes were limited to those with high blood pressure, exercise seemed to be as effective as most medicines. In addition, the effectiveness of the exercise increases the higher threshold used to define high blood pressure, ie Some value above 140 mm Hg.

The researchers also found "convincing evidence that the combination of resistance and dynamic resistance training was effective in reducing systolic blood pressure". But the trial of structured exercise was less and less than those of the medications.

The researchers point out Prescription for drugs to lower blood pressure has increased significantly in recent years. Only in England, the number of prescribed adults increased by 50 percent between 2006 and 2016.

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