Black Friday, celebrated one day after Thanksgiving, is an important celebration date for the Americans.
But Black Friday is more than that. This day is synonymous with shopping.
The physical stores and their internet portals are filled with promotions and special promotions for this date and many people benefit from shopping for Christmas.
but Where does the name Black Friday come from? Why is it celebrated in November? And how far did his popularity come?
Here we reveal some of the curiosities surrounding this day.
1. Your name
In fact, the "adjective" black "has been used for centuries to portray different types of disasters," said US Lithuanian Benjamin Zimmer, Executive Editor on the Vocabulary.com website.
But the concept that Black Friday represents today is far from that sentence.
IN THE U.S, The first time "Black Friday" was used on September 24, 1869, when two financiers, Jay Gould and James Fisk, attempted to take the gold market on the New York Stock Exchange.
When the government had to intervene to correct the distortion by increasing the availability of raw materials on the market, It was a crisis: prices fell and many investors lost big fortunes.
From the mid-nineteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth, Thanksgiving was held in USA the last Thursday of November, in an adaptation initiated by President Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865).
But 1939 something unusual occurred: the last Thursday coincided with November 30th.
The traders were concerned Short purchase period that remained between that day and Christmas and New Year's holiday, they sent a request to Franklin Roosevelt for the president to explain the start of the holiday a week before, which was authorized.
The next three years, Thanksgiving, who got the nickname "Frank Thanksgiving" (a mix of Franklin with Thanksgiving, as this holiday is known in English), was celebrated on different days in different parts of the country.
Finally, at the end of 1941, a joint resolution of Congress resolved the problem.
Ever since then, the dThanksgiving will be canceled on the fourth Thursday in November, which guarantees an extra week of shopping to NChristm.
3. Thanksgiving Syndrome
In 1951 a circular attention was called The number of workers who did not go to work the day after Thanksgiving.
According to Bonnie Taylor-Blake, a researcher at the University of North Carolina, USA, the labor newsletter Factory Management and Maintenancand claims the wording "Friday after thanksgiving syndrome" in connection with the holiday period.
As published in the bulletin, this syndrome is a disease whose side effects They are surpassed only by the bubonic plague. At least, it's the way they need to work when Black Friday comes to know. The warehouse or plant was half empty and those who were absent were in the medical care. "
4. His popularity boom
The term Black Friday was long limited to Philadelphia, USA.
"You could see that it was used moderately in Trenton, New Jersey, but did not cross the borders of Philadelphia until the 1980s," said Zimmer.
Although Black Friday is considered to be the biggest shopping day of the year, The date did not get that reputation until the 21st century.
This was because the Americans for many years had no devotion to this sales day but chose to delay the time to go to the stores.
Thus, the time when their wallets were empty were like the weekend: They waited for Saturday (and not Friday) to open the holiday shopping period.
5. Influenza in other countries
For a long time, Canadian merchants killed jealous of their American colleagues, especially when their loyal customers decided to travel south in search of good deals.
For this reason, Canada also started offering its own campaigns, despite the fact that Thanksgiving is celebrated in the country one month before.
In Mexico, it Black Friday got another name: "good end".
It is associated with the anniversary of the beginning of the revolution, November 20, 1910, which sometimes coincides with Thanksgiving in the United States.
And as the name indicates, the Good End event lasts all weekend.
In Brazil, where Thanksgiving vacation does not exist, Black Friday came to be included in the country's trading calendar when traders realized the current sales potential.
And in recent years countries such as Spain, Bolivia, Argentina and Peru have also added commercial fever Black Friday or Cyber Monday, which will be celebrated the following Monday.
And in recent years, the calendar for sales events has been added another day.
Wal-Mart, one of the world's largest retail chains, broke the tradition of Black Friday 2011 when it opened its stores at night for Thanksgiving holidays.
This exercise began to expand throughout the entire world and the additional purchase date was renamed as "Gray Thursday".
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