The project has been designed and marketed from the Center for Biomedical Research in the Diabetes Network and Associated Metabolic Diseases (CIBERDEM). The project has included the participation of researchers and health centers throughout Spain. The study's cross-sectional phase was conducted between 2008-2010 and participated by more than 5000 volunteers from all over Spain over 18 years.
The work was coordinated by Gemma Rojo Martínez, group leader at CIBERDEM and researchers at the regional hospital in Malaga and the biomedical research institute in Malaga (IBIMA). This has also determined the presence of diabetes in Spain with the substances included in the original study after eight years of follow-up.
People who consume milk products regularly are less likely to get diabetes and high blood pressure and related diseases.
Director of the Clinical Management Unit of Endocrinology and Nutrition of the Regional Hospital of Malaga, Gabriel Olveira, points out that the original purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diabetes in Spain, "But it has also allowed us to study the presence of other risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, sedentary lifestyle or diet."
"Due to high blood pressure figures, we think of the need to implement strategies to reduce their incidence due to their predisposition to other pathologies related to chronic cardiovascular disease, heart failure and cardiovascular death," Rojo explains, stating that the date There were no papers related to the consumption of dairy products and the presence of these diseases.
This research has made it possible not only to highlight the relationship between dairy consumption and the best metabolic profile of the adult population, but also to show that women consume more milk, cheese or yogurt than men while taking more dairy-like smoothies or ice cream.
"The results show the positive effect of milk consumption in the presence of high blood pressure and obesity, which can contribute to a better overall metabolic state and lower cardiovascular risk", says the expert.
Dairy products are part of a healthy diet, they provide high biological value proteins, vitamin B12 and are the main source of calcium in the diet. Yogurt and many cheese varieties have low levels of lactose, so they would be indicated in people who do not tolerate lactose.
"Although the fats in dairy products are mostly saturated, their role is discussed in relation to chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension and obesity.", Gabriel Olveira explains. "In a healthy population, the intake of 2-4 servings of dairy products falls into a healthy pattern to eat, even if they are not skimmed, although they should preferably not be sugar. For people who are overweight, overweight or have elevated lipids, it is recommended that take them in their half-foamed or foamed version ", he adds.