By Law 21 151, published in the Official Journal on Tuesday, The state recognized as Afro-subsequent Chilean tribal people "The transatlantic slave trade was taken to the present national territory between the 16th and 20th centuries and it identifies itself".
In particular, granted the legal body legal recognition "to their cultural identity, language, historical tradition, culture, institutions and worldview ".
The product of the above will be is included in future figures and its history – with at least one programmatic unit – must be taught at basic, intermediate and local level.
They will also have "the right to be consulted by the International Labor Organization's Convention No 169 on Indigenous Peoples and Indigenous Peoples in Independent Countries, when it is envisaged to adopt laws or administrative measures that may affect them directly. "
That is, when you cook, your opinion will be considered along with it other indigenous peoplessuch as Mapuches, Rapanuí, Quechuas and Aymaras.
That everything #Chile know it Today Afro descendants are recognized tribal people in the country. And it's in #Arica where we celebrate, since more than 10 thousand inhabitants are afro-descendants.#MuniArica#Vamospormas pic.twitter.com/geIwOIpXAB
– Municipality of Arica (@MuniArica) April 16, 2019
Following the call, the Under-Secretariat of the Social Services offered President Sebastián Piñera, Minister of Social Democracy, Alfredo Moreno; by economics, José Valente; Education, Marcela Cubillos; and by the cultures, Consuelo Valdés, to give knowledge of the publication of the action.
According to El Mercurio, these Chileans are concentrated in the municipalities of Arica and Camarones, as well as Valle de Azapa and Lluta.
In particular, they would be More than 10,000 people will benefit with this recognition, those who are behind Aymaras as the second ethnic minority in the Arica and Parinacota region.
But They were recognized as a tribal people and not as a native, something discussed by the director of the Center for Intercultural and Domestic Studies, Pedro Mege.
"As long as they recognize you with your characteristics, you can eventually make a political game" patrimonial "a series of expressions that somehow mark an area," he said.
But at the same time, "these expressions can have their recognized place, in this case Afro. It's very healthy," he says.
For their part, the professor of domestic law at Catholic University Sebastián Donoso said "it is complicated that it has been said that the application of Convention 169 is associated with the assumption that they are" tribal people ". It was not the subject of a deep debate ".
Nevertheless, from the Mapuche world, the author Pedro Cayuqueo said he was happy for your recognition.
"Congratulations to Afro-descendants for the law that gives them recognition in Chile. Vote for was a democratic and historic justice mandate," he wrote in his Twitter account.
From the Oro Negro organization, they indicated that the surnames associated with this group are Améstica, Báez, Corvacho, Lachipa, Rivers and Salgado.
My congratulations to the people of African descent for the law that gives them recognition in Chile. Vote for was a democratic and historically fair mandate pic.twitter.com/08HKh0LUEd
– Pedro Cayuqueo (@pcayuqueo) April 16, 2019