Australia's batsmen struggled with a deteriorating pitch in their bid to build a match-winning lead on the third day of the second Test in Perth on Sunday.
The hosts scored 43 after both teams first innings despite an excellent Virat Kohli number, but found batting incredibly tough in their second innings.
At stumps, Australia was 132 for four, with Usman Khawaja at 41 and Tim Paine at eight, an overall lead of 175.
Even though they still had six wickets in hand, the opener Aaron Finch was taken to hospital for scans after suffering a injured right hand of 25.
The traces of the plan started to be a significant factor, with Finch's opening partner Marcus Harris also racing on the helmet through an increasing delivery to make 20.
The Australians played and missed time and time again as they struggled to expand their lead, with Jasprit Bumrah (1-25), who were sometimes unplayable and well supported by India's three other pacemen, as they held an uninterrupted pressure on the batsmen.
Shaun Marsh (5) and Peter Handscomb (13) fell again cheaply, did little to ease the pressure on the pair to keep their spots in the side.
Marsh played a bad shot for a short ball from Mohammed Shami (2-23) and was caught behind, while Handscomb's shaky defense was highlighted when he was captured lbw by Ishant Sharma (1-33).
Easy as 123 for Kohli
The Australian batsmen struggle was far from Kohli as he anchored his team's first innings.
In response to Australia's 326 after winning throw and batting, India was equipped for 283 despite Kohli's 123.
Kohli reached its century with a classic straight run from paceman Mitchell Starc, who had been in the slot for 310 minutes and met 214 balls.
Two later he created the shot of the match when he lifted Josh Hazlewood over third for six.
To reach triple figures, Kohli became the second fastest player to reach 25 test dogs for 127 innings, behind Don Bradman (68) and before countryman Tendulkar (130).
He also joined Tendulkar as the only Indian batsmen who has tested six Test Centers in Australia and became the first Test Center at the new site.
The Indian captain's innings came to a controversial end when he was caught on another trailer by a diving Handscomb from Bow Cummins bowling.
Kohli was given out by the field players but thought it had not been worn.
The decision, however, was after it was reviewed by third judge Nigel Llong.
The Indians lost their last five wickets for just 35 runs to give Australia a small but valuable lead.
Spinner Nathan Lyon was the best of the Australian bowlers, who took 5-67, while Mitchell Starc and Josh Hazlewood both took both wickets.
India's day went to disappointment with Ajinkya Rahane fell in the first part of the day to Lyon for 51, ending a 91-step tripod with Kohli.