The state of Sao Paulo was the only entity in the federation to record cases of unemployment during the third quarter, compared to the previous three months, according to a survey released Tuesday (19) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). .
"Sao Paulo's unemployment rate was the only one that fell between the states and fell to 12% in the third quarter of 2019, after registering 12.8% in the second quarter. At the other end, unemployment grew only in Rondônia, reaching 8 2%, an increase by 1.5 percentage points. The other states remained stable, "IBGE said.
The highest unemployment rate was recorded in Bahia (16.8%), Amapá (16.7%) and Pernambuco (15.8%) and the lowest in Santa Catarina (5.8%), Mato Grosso do Sul (7.5%) ) and Mato Grosso (8%).
Unemployment in the country was 11.8% in the third quarter, reaching 12.5 million Brazilians, previously disclosed by IBGE. The number of self-employed and unsecured employees was already at a record level for the historical survey series that began in 2012.
- 4.8 million unemployed who are looking for work for at least one year
Development of unemployment
Index during the variable quarter, in%
The São Paulo guy's effect
According to IBGE, unemployment in São Paulo fell due to a significant reduction in the unemployed population, which decreased by 217 thousand people during the quarter.
“São Paulo has a more dynamic productive market and a very active consumer market. In addition, it has a higher income, says research analyst Adriana Beringuy.
The researcher pointed out that historically, because of what characterizes its labor market, São Paulo has a "four-effect" in relation to the rest of the country, that is, the large movements observed in the state tend to be reflected in other regions.
See other research highlights:
- Santa Catarina is the state with the highest proportion of workers with a portfolio: 87.7%;
- Maranhão is the state with the highest level of underemployment of the labor force (41.6%) and the highest proportion of workers without a work permit (50.1%).
- Amapá is the state with the highest proportion of self-employed: 36.7%;
- The largest number of people who are discouraged (those who gave up looking for a job) are in Bahia (781,000) and Maranhão (592,000);
- Unemployment is higher among women (13.9%); among men it is 10%;
- Unemployment among blacks (14.9%) and browns (13.6%) is higher than the national average. that for whites is 9.2%;
- Black or brown are almost two-thirds of the unemployed (65.2% of the total).
SP is the only state with falling unemployment in the third quarter, according to IBGE – Photo: Press release
Although driven by informality, the employed population reached 93.8 million in the third quarter, a record in the historical series that began in 2012.
The degree of information for the employed population – which includes employees without a formal contract in the private sector, domestic workers without a formal contract, employers without CNPJ, self-employed persons without CNPJ and family workers – has increased by 41.4%. during the third quarter. It reached 57.9% in the northern states, 53.9% in the northeast, 38.5% in the Midwest, 35.9% in the southeast and 32.2% in the south.
The average return was estimated at R $ 2,298 in the third quarter, which represents a stagnation compared to the immediately preceding quarter (R $ 2,297) and compared to the same quarter last year (R $ 2,295). The highest value was recorded in the Federal District (R $ 3,887) and the lowest in Maranhão (R $ 1,333).