Sunday , October 2 2022

Brazil records 16% reduction in AIDS detection | Well-being



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Brazil reported a decrease of 16% of the number of AIDS discovery in the last four years, according to the epidemiological bulletin released Tuesday (27) by the Ministry of Health.

In 2012, the detection rate was 21.7 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants and 2017 18.3 cases, a decrease of 15.7%. From 1980 to June 2018, Brazil recorded 926,742 cases of AIDS in Brazil, an average of 40,000 new cases per year.

According to bulletin, there was also a decrease of 16.5% of mortality from the disease, from 5.7 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants in 2014 to 4.8 deaths in 2017.

For the ministry it is important to reduce access to testing and reduce the time between diagnosis and initiation of disease treatment.

  • Finding a cure or "controlling" aids are goals that share resources and research into the fight against HIV

The report also shows the decline in vertical transmission of HIV when the child is infected during pregnancy. The rate of HIV detection in infants fell by 43% between 2007 and 2017 and dropped from 3.5 cases to 2 per 100,000 inhabitants. The increase in tests performed in the Stork network contributed to the identification of new cases in pregnant women. In 2017, the detection rate was 2.8 per 100,000 inhabitants.

In the last 7 years there was a 56% reduction in HIV infection in children exposed to the virus after 18 months of follow-up. The new data also show that 73% of the new HIV infections occur in men, with 70% of cases among men aged 15 to 39 years.

The Ministry also informed that as of January, there will also be a public offer on self-testing of HIV for key populations in the public network.

It will be distributed 400,000 units of this type of test, originally as a pilot project in the cities. Alegre, Belo Horizonte, Manaus.

Currently, the HIV self-test is sold in the country's private pharmacy, but the results can not be used for the final diagnosis. The Ministry of Health recommends that in a positive test, the user will seek the health service for supplementary tests.

In the self-test boxes distributed by SUS, there will be a 0800 number from the manufacturer for questions and guidance to the users. This service will work 24 hours and 7 days a week. In addition, the user can ask questions through Dial Health 136 and at www.aids.gov.br/autoteste.

Currently, 92% of people treated in the country have the virus undetectable in the body. The treatment is completely free and offered by Unified Health System.

In September 2018 585,000 people were treated for AIDS in Brazil. Of these, 87% receive treatment with the Dolutegravir drug.

By 2017, the highest reduction in the AIDS mortality rate was recorded after the introduction of the cocktail.

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