The return to work, the lack of space for breastfeeding and disinformation affects the abandonment of this practice. Only 42% of the children receive milk only from the mother to six months
Even though last year there were 7% more women breastfeeding their children during the first six months, promotion of breastfeeding continues to be an ongoing public health problem. An official report indicates that while 68% of mothers put the baby in their breast during their first-hour lives, only 42% of breastfeeding included the recommended 180 days according to a new edition of the National Survey of Amning (Enalac). That is, almost 60% of children do not get breast milk for six months alone.
"The figures are far below what we would like," said Guadalupe Mangialavori, coordinator for the investigation of the National Directorate of Maternity and Childhood and Adolescence (Dinamia). And he adds: "We must prioritize breastfeeding for its many benefits, it is urgent."
The return to work or study, the lack of "friendly spaces" of breastfeeding and even incorrect information affects the decision to abandon it.
By examining whether the amount of time spent by the mother and the child during the day affects the continuity of breastfeeding, the results confirm it. An average interval of four hours per day was taken into account. This period was sufficient for breastfeeding to decrease from 91.6% to 85.9% for those for six months or 79.9% to 72.7% for those over one year.
"We must ensure that all institutions, universities and workplaces have room for breastfeeding and respect for the woman who is breastfeeding," adds Mangialavori. "The first barrier is often the employer, who has to give time on time, but often employees, who are far more tolerant of what
Pause to smoke what he will do
Pause to express milk. "
Already in the first survey of myths and convictions in the population that Macka-Argentina did three years ago, half of them over the age of 16 who participated in equal breast milk with artificial versions on the market.
"If the population believes that the infant formula is as good as breastfeeding, we are in trouble as a society," says Mangialavori, "breastfeeding mothers do not give a formula, we have a serious health problem in feeding children to not judge it."
Breast milk also has a positive effect on the importance of growth. "In addition to providing all the nutrients a baby needs during the first six months of life and protecting against common childhood diseases (diarrhea and respiratory infections) there is increasing evidence that breastfeeding may have benefits. Longer term, such as reducing the risk of overweight and obesity in childhood and young people, "reports the World Health Organization. "It reduces 26% obesity and 35% prevalence of type 2 diabetes," said the Dinamia team.
Reduce the risks
Infants will get breast milk as the only food during the first six months of life. Only then should we integrate semi-solid foods and continue to breastfeed in a complementary manner for at least two years. This, as noted in the report, halves the risk of diarrhea and one third the possibility that children have respiratory infections, including hospital entries for these reasons. Bronchiolitis is the most common lung infection, especially before two years of age. The research that the Infant Foundation has done for years in the country supports breastfeeding among the factors for natural protection against the respiratory syncytial virus, which collapses the guards in children's homes every year.
Enalac had a representative sample of the population up to almost one and a half years of each province: 18 566 children, organized in two groups, under six months and boys between 12 and 15 months. Unlike previous releases since 2007, Mangialavori team took into account socio-demographic and health indicators to improve results.
In eight provinces, there were changes in relation to previous years in breastfeeding in the group of the smallest. Meanwhile in Tierra del Fuego, Buenos Aires, Jujuy, La Pampa and San Luis, the values improved, in Misiones, San Juan and Santa Fe decreased.
The infant formula was the most common breast milk replacement in children under six months (59%), while the milk was least common (8%).
"Virtually every infant can get breast milk and all women can breastfeed," they say from Dinamia. "There are only a few contraindications (in whole or in part) such as galactoseemia (accumulation in the body of galactose, breast milk lactose), HIV infection or phenylketonuria (difficulty processing a protein, phenylalanine, from food), so the health club must be alert and trained to not unnecessarily disturb the breastfeeding ".
Attention data indicated are exclusive breastfeeding much lower in children born premature (before seven month swings) or underweight than those who exceed 2500 grams at birth (respectively 34, 7 and 54.7%).
"A child born with low birth weight leaving the institution without breastfeeding is the health club's responsibility, and all opportunities that we do not protect at the start are an opportunity we lose," says Mangialavori.
A report at national level
It is based on a selection of over 18,000 children
or one hundred
They are the mothers who put the child in their chest in their first hour of life
Exclusive breastfeeding reduces the proportion of obesity and 35%, the occurrence of type 2 diabetes in children
Of the mothers, the infant formula selected as the most common remuneration for breastfeeding in children under six months
An underused tool
In the free line 0800-222-1002 (Option 7) from the National Health Ministry, only 184 consultations about breastfeeding were received from all over the country. The most common doubt is related to the low amount of milk for the child, the chest pain, how is breastfeeding the right way, whether medicines can be used during breastfeeding, how to handle it during the separation to go to work, how to save milk and what is the ideal age for weaning.