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Pneumonia: Low vaccination causes the province to enter the national alarm Diario de Cuyo



The Argentine Contagious Disease Society (Sadi) launched the "Let's Avoid Pneumonia" campaign, aiming for the third consecutive year to raise awareness among people over the age of 65 about the importance of vaccination against this respiratory disease caused by a lung infection. In this context, Marita Sosa, San Juan's Immunization Manager, said that the province has very low levels of vaccination and that there are few members of this age group who complete the two-dose system. According to local data, of 24,111 adults over 65 years of age, only 2,590 (11%) were given the two doses corresponding to this risk group. That is, 1 out of 10 adults over the age of 65 were properly vaccinated. "We had a work strategy for 2017 and 2018, but the targets across the country were not met and the doses placed were few, so we continue to work to place more vaccines," says Sosa, as it was only the San Juan quarter of the national average . From Sadi they said that in the country, 4 out of 10 adults were given the complete vaccination system for pneumonia.

The purpose of vaccination against pneumococci is to reduce the incidence, complications, consequences and mortality due to pneumonia. The risky persons are persons under the age of 2, adults over 65 and persons with other pathologies. According to Sadi, the people most affected by this disease are those over the age of 65. From this unit they said that in the country there are more than 150,000 adults suffering from pneumonia per year. At the same time, they added that, according to studies conducted by them, 2 out of 3 patients (66%) require hospitalization. On the other hand, they explained that according to this research, the mortality at 14 days of infectious disease was 19%; while one year after having had pneumonia, it increased to 38%.

In these alarming figures from Sadi, they emphasized the importance of vaccination as a preventative method. In fact, they say that in the country there is little awareness of the importance of immunization, especially in older adults. That is why the theme of the 2019 campaign is "Pneumonia can kill you, the vaccine can prevent it".

"We are at a time of year where adults over 65 go and vaccinate a lot to ask for flu shots, and we are taking advantage of this time to strengthen vaccination against pneumonia," said the sanjuanina specialist. In San Juan it is because adults are often not informed or because doctors do not recommend it. In this regard, he explained that people in this age group would receive two doses, with a difference of 12 months, so that coverage is correct. As for the doses, local data show that 2 out of 10 adults over 65 years (4,313 people) took the first dose, while only half of them completed the order correctly. "It is important to note that the vaccine against pneumonia can be placed at any time of the year, with a difference of 1 year between doses and doses, and it should not wait until the cold days begin to immunize," sosa added. the province will work so that the numbers increase. "We do not have the data calculated in percent and although we see that there are few vaccinated against pneumonia, we perceive that older adults become aware of the importance of this vaccine gradually," he concluded.

Smoking

36 percent of adults over 65 years of age with pneumonia were or are smokers, according to Sadi.

Less coverage

7 people received the 2 doses of pneumonia in Zonda. It is the department with less coverage.

differences

Twenty-four thousand Sanjuaninos aged 65 and over received the flu vaccine, while only 2,590 completed the pneumonia system.

No order
Adults over the age of 65 should not take a medical order to get pneumonia. They must present the DNI and the vaccination card to record the immunization. The vaccine is free.

"Flu vaccination is important because the virus can facilitate pneumonia."
CARLA VIZZOTTI – Sadi Infectologist

recommendations
Since Sadi and the Ministry of Health agree that it is very important with a recommendation from general practitioners that adults are informed and know that immunization is good.

This year, they strive to demystify

Let Sadi back on the campaign Let's avoid pneumonia. This campaign, identified with a red band aid, was launched in Buenos Aires, before representatives from several provinces, and DIARIO DE CUYO participated in this national launch. During the presentation, Carla Vizzotti, an infectist; and Guillermo Caro, strategic and creative leader, said that this time the campaign is aimed at demystifying that vaccination can arouse the disease. They also invest in creating awareness.

From Sadi explained that the campaign contains awareness messages with ads and presence in social networks under the hashtag # EvitemosLaNeumonía. It also has its own website: www.evitemoslaneumonia.com.ar, where you can consult the risk groups and how you get access to the vaccines. "In Argentina, there are 8,600 public vaccinations for people to consult," says Gustavo Lopardo, one of the specialists involved in launching the campaign.

The vaccine for children in the province

In Argentina, one of the vaccines against pneumonia was incorporated into the national calendar universally for children under 2 years of 2011 and achieved high vaccination coverage for the entire system. Since then, there has been a significant reduction in the burden of disease in this population. According to the mandatory schedule, children should receive the first dose at 2 months of age. while the other must be placed after 4 months. After 12 months, the baby should be boosted by this vaccine.

In San Juan, 89.4% of the children receiving the first dose were immunized. However, the percentage decrease decreased during the months. In fact, 85.3% received the second dose, while 75.4% completed the vaccination schedule, at 12 months. "It costs a lot for children to complete the system, we are investing in the parents' responsibility," says Marita Sosa.


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