"The location of these ancient paintings of animal and hand stencils may mark the passage of the first modern people as they moved through the mainland of Asia and out of the islands of Wallacea, which lies between the mainland and the continental shed (Australia and New Guinea who joined this time ), "said O & # 39; Connor in an email. It can represent a kind of wild cattle. KreditkreditLuc-Henri FageOn the wall of a cave deep in Borneo's jungles there is a picture of a thick, spider-bound animal, drawn in reddish green. It can be a rough picture. "We are planning archaeological excavation in these caves to find more information about these unknown artists." It was dated about 35,400 years old.
We know that he arrived in the area for about 70,000 to 60,000 years ago – but strangely there is no cave art from the early decades. They needed to find specific mineral deposits on the drawings to determine their age using technology that measures the decay of the uranium element, according to AP.
In the cave of the island of Kalimantan in Indonesia archeologists have discovered possibly the earliest cave paintings.
"I have no doubt that they have dated painting for at least 40,000 years in their oldest place, and this is an exciting result because it shows that cave painting was not an isolated event. But it had a large geographical distribution", Prof Pike explained. Many cave paintings lack the coal needed to hide them. In addition, the half-life of radioactive carbon is only 5,730 years.
It is noted that in the mountain rocks of the Indonesian province of Eastern Kalimantan, figurative paintings, whose age is at least 40,000 years, were discovered.
"But there is some doubt that their dated samples exceed the figurative nature. It seems to be over some 15 cm pigments from the animal figure, and while it may once have formed a part of this figure (which is very well-known), they have not shown that it is part of it ".
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Two other red-orange handcuffs from the same cave have at least 37,200 years, while one third has a maximum age of 51,800 years, indicating that a palestinian rock art tradition first occurred on Borneo between 52,000 and 40,000 years ago.
But when we now know that people began to do figurative at almost the same time in two different parts of the world (Western Europe and Borneo), we do not really know who these artists were. The oldest fossils of Homo sapiens, located in Morocco, is 300,000 years old.
Figurative art is a hallmark of this period in human history.
Dating also showed that a major change occurred in this culture about 20,000 years ago, resulting in a new rock art style (including rare images of people) at a time when the global age of ice age was extremely extreme. "Initially, people created figurative painting of large animals and they begin to depict the human world later," said the study's leading researcher Maxime Aubert, an archaeologist and geochemist at Griffith University in Australia. Apart from their artwork, no one has found traces of the people who once lived there.
Aubert said they try to see if they can extract any DNA, but acknowledge "it's a long shot". "We want to know who they were. It's also like they're still talking to us today."
The ice age region in France and Spain has always become the global center for cave art development due to the amazing animal paintings that are known from this area.