Former military chief General César Milani, who was wearing a military uniform, said yesterday that "we We receive orders via operators and business executives "during his time in La Rioja in 1977 when he was a second lieutenant to a local government. Although he did not ask for protection in law with proper obedience and final point – abrogated by the impulse of former President Néstor Kirchner – he made it clear to He received orders from his superiors, after refusing to have kidnapped and tortured political activists.
In his indagatories requesting outsiders personally and not via video conferencing from Campo de Mayo, where he served as a venerable detention center, he read an emotional letter of support from Hebe de Bonafini, rejected by "traitors" of a mother of Plaza de Mayo from La Rioja present at the trial.
Defiant and remembering that he came from a peronist family, he confirmed that he was an official of his company in the first act he was accused of. "I could never have left the service tomorrow early to go out and do such an operation," he added.
"Would Lieutenant Milani be able to order the National Gendarmerie, the provincial police, the prison chief to house a prisoner because it happened to me? Of course, this is impossible"Added Milani.
In his delimitation of responsibility in his superiors, he added that "the chief of police he was a lieutenant chief appointed by the dictatorship chief commander ". He also stressed that although" no one can deny it a general or that area's managers knew what was happening"As for the exercise of state terrorism but" the subordinate staff ", including him, "No" was "conscious".
"We were as victims as Olivera was. We were inside the barracks that ran the barracks. The rest (referring to the procedures where people were kidnapped) handled it a certain group of people, starting with the bosses, the most trusted and hierarchical officers and the intelligence area", Milani said, appealing the concept of fair obedience.
At this point, he confirmed it, although "in some military garrisons some boss might have been intervened in sublime rites," with regard to the La Rioja battalion where he worked "It didn't happen."
With his defense, he appeared to define responsibilities in other of the accused in the case: former judge Roberto Catalán and Alfredo Santacrocce, Luis Estrella, Carlos Rodríguez Alcántara, Eliberto Coenaga, Carlos Moline, Miguel Chiarello, Domingo Vera, José Bernaus, Cecilio Mercado, Domingo Vera, José Bernaus, Cecilio Mercado, Angel Pezzetta and Nicolas Tejada.
In his speech, the former army said: "If I had not said yes to Cristina (Fernández), I would not sit here" and noted that it was "a political opportunism" for accusing him of crimes against humanity and recalling that "there is no deputy head of the La Rioja Army prosecuted or detained for this".
Milani described as "impossible" the circumstances in which he was alleged to be involved in the kidnapping and torture, as both Pedro Olivera and his son, Ramón Olivera, complained in this case and an important witness in this case. trial.
"Never in my life did I torture, kidnap or kill", he defended himself.
In a moment of his long speech he was broken, almost without voice, when referring to the victims of the dictatorship. Milani said, "I have a deep respect for all the victims of …" and became silent. He silenced, as if he were sad, he hesitated and added: "… by the military government."
"If they disappeared, the tortures and the plagues, I want to express my solidarity with the Olivera family," referring to one of their complainants. But then he clarified, "All Oliver's family suffering ends where the Milani family suffers."
He then emphasized the peronist militia of his family in Cordoba and joined: "When I entered the military college, I thought a soldier could try to turn an army that looks a little more to the elites than its people, turned into an army that tended to to the national, popular and antiextranierizante ", claimed his support for Kirchner.
In this oral trial, which takes place before the federal justice in Rioja, Milani, along with twelve others, is accused of kidnapping and torture in March 1977 by Pedro Olivera (now deceased) and his son Ramón.
At the time of the episodes he was charged in the trial, Milani was as second lieutenant in Batallón 141 in La Rioja, and accused of having participated in an operation to kidnap and then exposing Olivera to plagues. In this case, Milani is eligible for crime illicit deprivation of aggravated freedom, illegal search, introduction of aggravated torture and illegal association.
In her scenic defense yesterday, Milani said she did not commit any crime and received orders. While he did not quote the law's obedience and full stop, he appealed to his concept. even so your position collides with the historic decision of former President Néstor Kirchner to push for the abolition of laws with required obedience and final point sanctioned by former President Raúl Alfonsín after two repetitions of Carapintadas.
The idea of Kirchner, when he embraced the cause of human rights in 2003, was The lower levels of the armed forces do not rely on these amnesty laws and also tried. The revocation opened an avalanche of new trials, such as that against Milani in La Rioja. While it is true that at that time Milani was a second lieutenant, it is also true that during the dictatorship he decided to specialize in intelligence, knowing that the army apparatus was the brain of the illegal operation.
The nation's human rights secretary, Claudio Avruj, who presented yesterday at the trial in La Rioja, questioned that Milani "has been condemned in 77 and 79, and that figure in 84 in Nevermore Rioja" but that "Under the umbrella of Kirchner's human rights and organizations, he has made an upward career until he became an army officer". Milani was supported to be named the first army of the intelligence service and then the commander of the arms of the former defense minister Nilda Garre. Then he had direct support from Cristina Kirchner. Kirchenrism only in 2015 objected, through CELS, that he was promoted from Secretary General to Secretary-General.
At the hearing in the Rioja capital, there were also relatives of the soldier Alberto Agapito Ledo, who disappeared in Tucumán in 1976, in an event that Milani is also trying. For this second crime against humanity, the retired general will face a second oral and public trial whose initiation is scheduled for September 12 in Tucumán. To these two processes, a third party will be added this year, which corresponds to the cause of alleged illegal enrichment, which was already maintained orally and publicly but has not yet established a start date.