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Gingivitis and tooth sensitivity: causes and treatment of the most common dental diseases



A visit to the dentist every six months, in addition to detecting early caries and performing appropriate treatment, preventing other dental disorders such as gum disease and tooth sensitivity.

"Gingivitis consists of inflammation of the gingival tissue (Gum), which surrounds the tooth and is often caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque in the junction of the gum and tooth, when a proper hygiene technique is not performed. "Dentist Valentina Elverdin (Registration No. 38805) explained that" said bacterial plaques produce acids that attack the tooth enamel and can damage the gums. Other causes of gingivitis include hormonal changes, smoking, some medications and poor brushing habits. "

And after marking that "if not treated in time, can develop and become a chronic disease called periodontitis, one of the main causes of tooth loss in adults," the specialist specified the most common symptoms to be considered: Gum bitten, red, bleeding, bad breath.

"If gingivitis leads to periodontitis, the gum begins to separate from the tooth, creating spaces where the bacteria accumulate and weaken the bone supporting the tooth," he added.

Gingivitis can be prevented with complete oral hygiene, that is, according to Elverdin, "perform the right technique to brush your teeth after each meal, at least twice a day, in the morning after breakfast and in the evening before you lay down, dental care and mouthwash".

About tooth sensitivity

Dental sensitivity is a common problem that can develop "when dentin, a porous tissue in the tooth, is exposed," said the specialist, an ambassador for OralB in Argentina. "The dentin has microscopic ducts, called tubules, which lead to the nerve and when the dentin's tubules are exposed, due to the withdrawal of the gingival tissue or the loss of the enamel, the nerves are more readily activated by certain stimuli, and this causes tooth sensitivity".

Some of the factors that can contribute to tooth sensitivity, brush your teeth too hard or use a brush with hard brushes, tooth grinding. In addition, after tooth cleaning or whitening treatments, what is known as temporary sensitivity may appear, which usually disappears shortly after the procedure is completed.

"Dental sensitivity can be prevented by using soft brushes and a paste that has the right components to fight it"recommended Elverdin.

When it comes time to visit the dentist, the specialist advised "when the patient has symptoms such as inflammation, bleeding gums or dental sensitivity when consuming cold or hot foods." "It is important to consult in time, to be able to prevent and to prevent these diseases from happening," he concluded.


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