Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body does not effectively use the insulin it produces. "The spread of diabetes is increasing worldwide, according to forecasts, it will affect more than 592 million people in 2035. Currently, it is estimated that more than 425 million people suffer from it," said Carlos Reguera, cardiologist and head of the Preventative Medicine and Cardiology of Ineba (Institute of Neuroscience Buenos Aires).
There are different types of diabetes: Type 1 is not preventable and is produced by insufficient secretion of insulin in the pancreas for unknown cause; It usually manifests during childhood with symptoms such as excessive thirst and hunger, abundant urine production (polyuria) and changes in vision.
"The prevalence in relation to Type 2 is low, but for the families where it is presented, it is 100 percent of its life, which is why it is important to provide information," said Liliana Tieri, President of the Diabetes Association in Argentina (CUI. D.AR).
Tieri described as an example that "in school, teachers should not be afraid if a child takes blood sugar or has to take insulin, and should not prevent him from doing physical activity, because on the contrary, it is strongly recommended for them."
"This diabetes can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight that performs at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity training (eg quick walk) most days of the week, eat healthy (avoids sugar and saturated fats), and do not smoke," said Carlos González Malla, a member of the Argentinean Cardiological Foundation (FCA).
He added that "the type 2 diabetes is that it can be detected early before its clinical manifestations occur and if measures like weight loss, healthy diet and exercise are taken, the risk of complications can be reduced."